KAJIAN EKSPERIMENTAL PENAMBAHAN PLASTIK PET (POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTALATE) DAN ASBUTON LGA (LAWELE GRANULAR ASPHALT) PADA CAMPURAN ASPAL PORUS

Sanggun Ismayalomi; Boedi Rahardjo; Pranoto

Abstract


Abstrak: Aspal porus atau aspal berpori adalah jenis metode perkerasan baru yang saat ini dikembangkan dalam dunia konstruksi jalan raya. Tujuan Penelitian untuk: (1) Mendeskripsikan karakteristik bahan penyusun campuran aspal porus dan (2) Pengaruh penambahan plastik PET dan asbuton LGA pada campuran aspal porus ditinjau berdasarkan Pengujian Marshall, Permeabilitas, Cantabro Loss, dan Binder Drain Down. Penelitian dilakukan dengan kadar aspal pen 60/70 yaitu 4%, 4,5%, 5%, 5,5%, dan 6% untuk mencari nilai kadar aspal optimum, kemudian akan ditambahkan dengan perbandingan bahan PET : LGA (0%:0%), (5%:5%), (10%:10%), (15%:15%), dan (20%:20%) terhadap berat total KAO dengan menggunakan cara basah. Hasil penelitian : (1) Karakteristik bahan penyusun campuran aspal porus yang terdiri dari agregat kasar, agregat halus, filler, aspal pen 60/70 telah memenuhi spesifikasi dan diperoleh kadar aspal optimum sebesar 5,25%. (2) Pengaruh penambahan PET : LGA ditinjau dari karakteristik Marshall memenuhi spesifikasi untuk nilai stabilitas, flow, dan VIM sehingga dapat memenuhi parameter untuk campuran aspal porus. Stabilitas tertinggi pada kadar penambahan PET : LGA yaitu (10%:10%) sebesar 616,37 kg, flow tertinggi pada kadar penambahan PET : LGA yaitu (20%:20%) sebesar 2,80 mm, dan VIM tertinggi pada kadar penambahan PET : LGA yaitu (0%:0%) sebesar 21,40%. Semakin tinggi kadar penambahan PET : LGA, menujukkan nilai koefisien permeabilitas air semakin rendah, nilai koefisien permeabilitas air tertinggi pada kadar penambahan PET : LGA terjadi pada (0%:0%) sebesar 0,032%. Dilihat dari pengujian cantabro loss, semakin tinggi kadar penambahan maka ketahanan campuran terhadap pelepasan butir semakin besar, namun untuk kadar (0%:0%) dan (5%:5%) tidak memenuhi spesifikasi karena hasil pengujian melebihi batas yang ditentukan. Pada hasil pengujian binder drain down semua kadar penambahan PET : LGA menunjukkan peningkatan persentase jumlah aliran dari kadar penambahan PET : LGA (0%:0%) hingga (20%:20%) sebesar 0,091% hingga 0,150%.

Kata-kata kunci: aspal porus, PET, LGA, permeabilitas, cantabro loss, binder drain down.

Abstract: Porous or porous asphalt is a new type of pavement method that is currently being developed in the world of highway construction. Research Objectives to: (1) Describe the characteristics of porous asphalt mixture constituents and (2) The effect of adding PET and LGA asbuton to the porous asphalt mixture was reviewed based on Marshall Testing, Permeability, Cantabro Loss, and Down Drain Binder. The study was conducted with 60/70 pen asphalt levels of 4%, 4.5%, 5%, 5.5%, and 6% to find the optimum bitumen content value, then it will be added with a comparison of PET material: LGA (0%: 0 %), (5%: 5%), (10%: 10%), (15%: 15%), and (20%: 20%) to the total weight of the OAC by using the wet method. The results of the study: (1) Characteristics of the composition of the porous asphalt mixture consisting of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, filler, 60/70 pen asphalt fulfilled the specifications and optimum asphalt content of 5.25% was obtained. (2) The effect of adding PET: LGA in terms of Marshall characteristics meets specifications for the value of stability, flow, and VIM so that it can meet the parameters for porous asphalt mixture. The highest stability is the PET addition level: LGA is (10%: 10%) of 616.37 kg, the highest flow is in the PET addition level: LGA is (20%: 20%) of 2.80 mm, and the highest VIM is in addition PET: LGA which is (0%: 0%) of 21.40%. The higher the level of addition of PET: LGA, the lower the water permeability coefficient value, the higher the water permeability coefficient on the addition of PET: LGA occurs at (0%: 0%) of 0.032%. Judging from the cantabro loss test, the higher the level of addition, the resistance of the mixture to the release of grains is greater, but for levels (0%: 0%) and (5%: 5%) do not meet the specifications because the test results exceed the specified limit. In the binder test results drain down all levels of addition of PET: LGA shows an increase in the percentage of flow from the addition of PET: LGA (0%: 0%) to (20%: 20%) by 0.091% to 0.150%.

Keywords: porous asphalt, PET, LGA, permeability, cantabro loss, drain binder down.


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