Performance Comparative Analysis of Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline Single Diode Solar Panel Models using the Five Parameters Method

Rizal Akbarudin Rahman, Aripriharta Aripriharta, Hari Putranto


The use of renewable energy as a source of electrical energy
increases every year. Unfortunately, Indonesia does not have many
power plants that utilize renewable energy sources. The most
potential renewable energy in Indonesia is the sunlight with the help
of solar panels that converts solar energy into electrical energy.
However, the environment could affect the solar panel module and
in turn, affect the performance of solar panels or the generated
electric energy. This research calculated the performance of solar
panels with a single-diode model using the Five Parameters method
that required solar panel module specification data, the total
radiation absorbed by the solar panel module, and the temperature
of the environment. The Five Parameters method is a method
modeled after solar panel module performance in the form of the
single-diode equivalent circuit. The Five Parameters method is
reliable in predicting the energy produced by the solar panels when
the input data is limited. The results for using the Five Parameters
in monocrystalline solar panels were Isc = 1.827 A, Imp = 0.662 A,
Voc = 18.221 V, Vmp = 15.019 V, Pmp = 9.955 W. And the results in
polycrystalline solar panels were Isc = 1.926 A, Imp = 0.686 A, Voc =
17.594 V, Vmp = 14.166 V, Pmp = 9.722 W. Based on the results; it
was concluded that the most efficient and optimised types of solar
panels on natural conditions in Sendang Biru Beach was the
monocrystalline solar panel because it produced electrical output
power of 9.955 W. Therefore, there could be a manufacturer of
solar energy power plants to reduce the cost of electricity in the
coastal area, such as in Sendang Biru Beach.

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