Evaluation of Power Distribution based on Power Losses on Transmission Interconnection

Mega Agustina, A. N Afandi


This paper discusses the analysis of continuity of power delivery and network losses in the scenario of adding 150 kV to the Malang Raya transmission network. The discussion in this paper is based on the increasing load growth conditions in Malang Raya and the condition of the Malang 150 kV main system which is centralized in the Kebonagung Substation so that a scenario of adding 150 kV transmission network interconnection is needed to increase the capacity, reliability, and improvement of the Malang Raya system. Based on the simulation results before the scenario of adding 150 kV transmission network losses in the poor 150 kV main system by 0.02 MW, whereas after the scenario of adding 150 kV transmission network the overall losses in the 150 kV main unfortunate main system were 0.009 MW.

Full Text:



H. M. Al-Hamadi and S. A. Soliman, “Long-term/mid-term electric load forecasting based on shortterm

correlation and annual growth,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 353–361, Jun. 2005,

doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2004.10.015.

K. B. Lindberg, S. J. Bakker, and I. Sartori, “Modelling electric and heat load profiles of nonresidential

buildings for use in long-term aggregate load forecasts,” Util. Policy, vol. 58, pp. 63–88,

Jun. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jup.2019.03.004.

E. Hirst, “Conservation programs can cut load-growth uncertainty for electric utilities,” Technol.

Forecast. Soc. Change, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 415–424, Dec. 1989, doi: 10.1016/0040-1625(89)90032-2.

D. A. G. Vieira, B. E. Silva, T. V. Menezes, and A. C. Lisboa, “Large scale spatial electric load

forecasting framework based on spatial convolution,” Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 117, p.

, May 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2019.105582.

Q. J. Kwong, J. E. Lim, and M. S. Hasim, “Miscellaneous electric loads in Malaysian buildings -

Energy management opportunities and regulatory requirements,” Energy Strategy Rev., vol. 21, pp.

–49, Aug. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.esr.2018.04.002.

S. Moreno-Carbonell, E. F. Sánchez-Úbeda, and A. Muñoz, “Rethinking weather station selection for

electric load forecasting using genetic algorithms,” Int. J. Forecast., p. S0169207019302328, Dec.

, doi: 10.1016/j.ijforecast.2019.08.008.

F. S. Abu-Mouti and M. E. El-Hawary, “Optimal Distributed Generation Allocation and Sizing in

Distribution Systems via Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 26, no. 4,

pp. 2090–2101, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2011.2158246.

P. Cuffe and A. Keane, “Visualizing the Electrical Structure of Power Systems,” IEEE Syst. J., vol. 11,

no. 3, pp. 1810–1821, Sep. 2017, doi: 10.1109/JSYST.2015.2427994.

M. C. Carnero and A. Gómez, “Maintenance strategy selection in electric power distribution systems,”

Energy, vol. 129, pp. 255–272, Jun. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.04.100.

K. Chandram, N. Subrahmanyam, and M. Sydulu, “Equal embedded algorithm for economic load

dispatch problem with transmission losses,” Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 500–

, Mar. 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2010.12.002.

A. Grange, A. Marrel, J. B. Droin, F. Bertrand, O. Boutin, and J. H. Ferrasse, “Loss of off-site power

transient analysis for a sodium-cooled fast reactor equipped with a gas power conversion system and

preliminary optimisation of its operation,” Nucl. Eng. Des., vol. 355, p. 110315, Dec. 2019, doi:


A. Mohamed Imran and M. Kowsalya, “A new power system reconfiguration scheme for power loss

minimization and voltage profile enhancement using Fireworks Algorithm,” Int. J. Electr. Power

Energy Syst., vol. 62, pp. 312–322, Nov. 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.04.034.

W. Bai, I. Eke, and K. Y. Lee, “An improved artificial bee colony optimization algorithm based on

orthogonal learning for optimal power flow problem,” Control Eng. Pract., vol. 61, pp. 163–172, Apr.

, doi: 10.1016/j.conengprac.2017.02.010.

M. A. Elizondo, F. K. Tuffner, and K. P. Schneider, “Three-Phase Unbalanced Transient Dynamics

and Powerflow for Modeling Distribution Systems With Synchronous Machines,” IEEE Trans. Power

Syst., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 105–115, Jan. 2016, doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2389712.

Z. Ren, K. Wang, W. Li, L. Jin, and Y. Dai, “Probabilistic Power Flow Analysis of Power Systems

Incorporating Tidal Current Generation,” IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 1195–1203,

Jul. 2017, doi: 10.1109/TSTE.2017.2669139.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um049v1i2p30-25


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Frontier Energy System and Power Engineering (FESPE), e-ISSN: 2720-9598

Flag Counter

View My Stats