Development of Augmented Reality Media Based On Cybernetic Learning Theory to Stimulate Spatial Abilities

Andriyani Andriyani, Joko Lianto Buliali, Yudhiakto Pramudya

Abstract


Hearing impairment students have limited vocabulary and have difficulty understanding abstract terms, which affects learning the concept of a plane solid figure that they know at school. Deaf students tend to have difficulty perceiving objects from a certain point of view and understanding the relationship between these objects in a particular space. These difficulties affect students' spatial abilities and require special handling in the form of learning-oriented to the learning process, not learning outcomes. The learning process itself can be determined by information systems such as the basis of cybernetic theory and supported by information technology-based interactive learning media. Therefore, this study aims to develop augmented reality media based on cybernetic learning theory to stimulate valid and practical spatial abilities of deaf students. The research and development model carried out in this study is the Borg and Gall model, which has systematic and descriptive steps for practical problems in teaching through applied research. Researchers collected data through validation questionnaires and student response questionnaires. Data analysis was carried out qualitatively and quantitatively. The augmented reality media developed here can be said to meet the criteria of validity and practicality based on the results of the product feasibility test. This media has also proven to be a solution in helping teachers to stimulate the spatial abilities of deaf students through a meaningful learning process determined by a technology-assisted information system

Keywords


Augmented Reality; Cybernetic; Spatial Abilities

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achdiyat, M., & Utomo, R. (2018). Kecerdasan visual-spasial, kemampuan numerik, dan prestasi belajar matematika. Formatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan MIPA, 7(3), 234–245.

Andriyani, & Juniati, D. (2020). Learning the relation between quadrilateral using geometry’s puzzle for blind students. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1470(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1470/1/012029

Arcat. (2014). Peningkatan Kemampuan Spasial Siswa SMP Melalui Model Kooperatif STAD berbantuan WINGEOM. Jurnal Ilmiah Edu Research, 3(1), 68–73.

Arifin, A.M., Pujiastuti, H., & Sudiana, R. (2020). Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran STEM dengan Augmented Reality untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Spasial Matematis Siswa. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 7(1), 59–73.

Arikunto, S., & Jabar, C. S. A. (2009). Evaluasi program pendidikan (2nd ed.). Bumi Aksara.

Buliali, J.L., Andriyani, Pramudya, Y. (2021). Innovative Learning Model with Augmented Reality Technology for Hearing Impairment Students. Ilkogretim Online - Elementary Education Online, 20(1), 663–673.

Buliali, J. L., Andriyani, & Pramudya, Y. (2022). Development of Interactive Media with Augmented Reality for Prospective Solution Quota-Friendly Learning and Physical Limitation in the Pandemic Era. Mathematics Teaching Research Journal, 14(1), 5–40.

Gall, M. D., Gall, J. P., & Borg, W. R. (2003). Educational research: an introduction (7 ed.). New York: Pearson Education Inc.

Gunur, B., Lanur, D. A. L., & Raga, P. (2019). Hubungan kemampuan numerik dan kemampuan spasial terhadap kemampuan komunikasi matematis siswa. PYTHAGORAS: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 14(2), 224–232.

Hutagalung, A., & Harahap, M. S. (2018). Peningkatan Kemampuan Spasial Siswa Melalui Penggunaan Model Auditory Intellectually Repetition (Air) Di Smp Negeri 1 Pinangsori. Jurnal MathEdu, 1(1), 15–23.

Hwang, W.-Y., Su, J.-H., Huang, Y.-M., & Dong, J.-J. (2009). A study of multi-representation of geometry problem solving with virtual manipulatives and whiteboard system. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 12(3), 229–247.

Jayantika, N. T., Ardana, I. M., & Sudiarta, P. (2013). Kontribusi bakat numerik, kecerdasan spasial, dan kecerdasan logis matematis terhadap prestasi belajar matematika siswa SD Negeri diKabupaten Buleleng. Jurnal Jurusan Pendidikan Matematika Ganesha, 2(1), 1–12.

Linn, M., & Petersen, A. (1985). Emergence and characterization of sex differences in spatial ability: a meta-analysis. Child Development, 56(6), 1479–1498.

Lohman, D. F. (1993). Spatial Ability and G. Paper Presented at the First Spearman Seminar.

Mulyadi, Riyadi, & Subanti, S. (2015). Analisis Kesalahan Dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Pada Materi Luas Permukaan Bangun Ruang Berdasarkan Newman’S Error Analysis (Nea) Ditinjau Dari Kemampuan Spasial. Jurnal Elektronik Pembeljaran Matematika, 3(4), 370–382.

Nasution, S. H., Anwar, L., & Sudirman, & S. (2016). Pengembangan media pembelajaran untuk mendukung kemampuan penalaran spasial siswa pada topik dimensi tiga kelas X. Jurnal Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(2), 903–913.

Rachmad, E. (2011). Aplikasi Teori Belajar Sibernetik.

Rynhart, P. (2012). Importance.of Spatial Skill. diakses: http://proactiveplay.com/importance-ofspatial-skills/ (25-09- 2020)

Salim, S., & Maryati, E. (2017). Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Matematika Melalui Teori Pembelajaran Sibernetik Berbantuan Software Derive. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 4(2), 229–238.

Siswanto, R. D. (2016). Asosiasi Antara Kemampuan Geometri Spasial Dengan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis Siswa. KALAMATIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(2), 141–146.

Siswanto, R. D., & Kusumah, Y. . (2017). Peningkatan Kemampuan Geometri Spasial Siswa Smp Melalui Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing Berbantuan Geogebra. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pembelajaran Matematika, 10(1), 42–51.

Sugiarni, R., Alghifari, E., & Ifanda, A. R. (2018). Meningkatkan kemampuan spasial matematis siswa dengan model pembelajaran problem based learning berbantuan geogebra. Kalamatika: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 3(1), 93–102.

Thobrani, M., & Mustafa, A. (2012). Belajar & Pembelajaran. Ar-Ruzz Media.

Trianto. (2010). Mendesain Model Pembelajaran Inovatif-Progresif. Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Usman, A., Fauzi, A., Karnasih, I., & Mujib, A. (2020). Kemampuan Spasial Siswamelalui Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah Berbantuan Alat Peraga Berbahan Pipet. Transformasi: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Dan Matematika, 2(2), 321–330.

Zahroni, A. (2019). Pengembangan mobile learningmenggunakan adobe flash pada pelajaran narrative text di SMP eLKISI Mojokerto. Nidhomul Haq: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 4(1), 90–103.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um005v6i22022p151

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of ICSAR

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of ICSAR is Indexing by:

       

 

 

 

 

web
counter  ---> View Statistic

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.