Barriers and Coping Strategies of Students with Disability During Inclusive Learning in Higher Education

Fitria Hardini, Siti Jamilah Br Tarigan, Vu Thi Thu Trang

Abstract


Abstrak: JJumlah penyandang disabilitas yang mengikuti sistem Pendidikan inklusi di perguruan tinggi semakin meningkat seiring dengan adanya Kartu Indonesia Pintar (KIP) Kuliah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan tantangan hambatan yang dihadapi mahasiswa disabilitas selama mengikuti kuliah inklusi dan strategi koping mahasiswa dalam mengatasinya. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif kualitatif dan data dikumpulkan dengan teknik interview, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Data dianalisis dengan metode analisis studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa tunanetra menghadapi hambatan belajar terkait teks, gambar atau simbol/angka, sedangkan mahasiswa tunadaksa memiliki hambatan terkait aktiVitas fisik. Strategi koping yang dilakukan oleh mahasiswa adalah dengan menggunakan Assistive Technology (AT), meningkatkan komunikasi dengan dosen, dan melakukan diskusi kelompok. Dari temuan di atas, disimpulkan bahwa teknik pengajaran dan materi perkuliahan harus beaptasi dengan kebutuhan murid dan dapat digunakan secara universal.

Abstract: The number of disabled students enrolled in the inclusive system in higher education has increased due to a card used to access colleges issued by the Indonesian government known as Kartu Indonesia Pintar Kuliah (KIP Kuliah). The research aims to describe learning barriers encountered by students with visual and physical disabilities during inclusive class and their coping strategies to overcome this predicament. The research is qualitative descriptive, and data were collected by interview, class observation, and documentation. The data were analyzed by using the case study analysis method. The results indicate that written material containing text, pictures, and symbols/numbers are barriers for visually disabled students, while physically disabled students have barriers in terms of class that requires physical activities. Students’ coping strategies are using Assistive Technology (AT), increasing communication frequency with the lecturers, and conducting study groups after class. It is concluded that the lecturer’s teaching technique and material should be adapted to meet the students’ needs and should be universal.


Keywords


Students with Disability; Inclusive Class; Learning Barriers, Coping Strategies.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um031v9i22022p176

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