Kepribadian Proaktif sebagai Mediator antara Dukungan Orangtua dan Efikasi Diri dalam Pengambilan Keputusan Karier Siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama

Nungky Karina Putri, Rose Mini Agoes Salim

Abstract


Abstract: This study aims to examine the role of proactive personality as a mediator of the relationship between parental support in career and self-efficacy in career decision making in junior high school students. The research sample of 140 people obtained by accidental sampling. The instruments used were Career-Related Parent Support Scale, Career Decision Self-Efficacy Short Form, and Proactive Personality Scale which had been adapted into Indonesian. The data were analyzed by regression using PROCESS macros suggested by Hayes. The results showed that proactive personality partially mediates the relationship between parental support in career and self-efficacy in career decision making. Further analysis shows that: (1) proactive personality partially mediates the relationship between parental support in the form of instrumental assistance and self-efficacy in career decision making; (2) proactive personality partially mediates the relationship between parental support in the form of career modeling and self-efficacy in career decision making; (3) proactive personality partially mediates the relationship between parental support in the form of emotional support with self-efficacy in career decision making; and; (4) proactive personality fully mediates the relationship between parental support in the form of verbal encouragement with self-efficacy in career decision making. The implications, limitations and suggestions for further research are discussed as follows.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji peran kepribadian proaktif sebagai mediator hubungan antara dukungan orangtua dalam karier dan efikasi diri dalam pengambilan keputusan karier siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP). Sampel penelitian berjumlah 140 orang yang diperoleh dengan accidental sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah Career-Related Parent Support Scale, Career Decision Self-Efficacy Short Form, dan Proactive Personality Scale yang sudah diadaptasi ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Data dianalisis dengan uji regresi menggunakan macro PROCESS oleh Hayes. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepribadian proaktif memediasi secara parsial hubungan antara dukungan orangtua dalam karier dan efikasi diri dalam pengambilan keputusan karier. Analisis lanjutan menunjukkan bahwa: (1) kepribadian proaktif memediasi secara parsial hubungan antara dukungan orangtua yang berupa bantuan instrumental dan efikasi diri dalam pengambilan keputusan karier; (2) kepribadian proaktif memediasi secara parsial hubungan antara dukungan orangtua yang berupa pemodelan karier dan efikasi diri dalam pengambilan keputusan karier; (3) kepribadian proaktif memediasi secara parsial hubungan antara dukungan orangtua yang berupa dukungan emosional dengan efikasi diri dalam pengambilan keputusan karier; dan (4) kepribadian proaktif memediasi secara utuh hubungan antara dukungan orangtua yang berupa dorongan verbal dengan efikasi diri dalam pengambilan keputusan karier. Implikasi, limitasi dan saran untuk penelitian selanjutnya didiskusikan.


Keywords


parent support; self-efficacy; career decision; proactive personality; junior high school student; dukungan orangtua; efikasi diri; keputusan karier; kepribadian proaktif, siswa SMP

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v5i22020p042

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