The Effect of Career Exploration Behavior and Parent-Child Career Congruence on College Student Career Adaptability

Shafira Oktaviani Putri, Rose Mini Agoes Salim

Abstract


Abstract: Career adaptability can help college students to face the tasks that will arise in the world of work. This study aims to examine the effect of career exploration behavior and parent-child career congruence on career adaptability simultaneously and to see which variables contribute more to career adaptability. The participants involved in this study were final semester college students, starting from sixth semester in four Indonesian cities, namely Jakarta, Bogor, Tangerang, Bekasi, with a total of 538 students. This study used a non-experimental cross-sectional research design because data was only taken once, and non-probability convenience sampling was used. The measuring instruments used are Career Adapt-Abilities Scale, Career Exploration Behavior, and The Adolescent-Parent Career Congruence. The data obtained were then analyzed using a multiple regression test. The results showed that there was a simultaneous significant effect of career exploration behavior and parent-child career congruence on career adaptability. The results also show that career exploration behavior contributes more to career adaptability than parent-child career congruence. The research results can be used for college students to improve the ability of career adaptability through exploration and congruence activities.

Abstrak: Adaptabilitas karier dapat membantu mahasiswa untuk menghadapi tugas yang akan muncul pada dunia kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh perilaku eksplorasi karier dan kongruensi karier orang tua-anak pada adaptabilitas karier secara bersamaan dan melihat variabel mana yang lebih berkontribusi pada adaptabilitas karier. Partisipan yang terlibat dalam penelitian ini merupakan mahasiswa semester akhir, mulai dari semester enam di empat kota Indonesia, yakni Jakarta, Bogor, Tangerang, Bekasi, dengan jumlah total 538 mahasiswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian non experimental cross-sectional karena pengambilan data hanya diambil sekali, serta menggunakan teknik non-probability convenience sampling. Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah Career Adapt-Abilities Scale, Career Exploration Behavior, dan The Adolescent-Parent Career Congruence. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh signifikan secara bersamaan perilaku eksplorasi karier dan kongruensi karier orang tua-anak pada adaptabilitas karier. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa kontribusi perilaku eksplorasi karier lebih besar pada adaptabilitas karier dibandingkan kongruensi karier orang tua-anak. Hasil penelitian dapat digunakan untuk mahasiswa dalam rangka meningkatkan kemampuan adaptabilitas karier melalui kegiatan eksplorasi dan kongruensi.


Keywords


career adaptability; parent-child career congruence; college students; career exploration behavior; adaptabilitas karier; kongruensi karier orang tua-anak; mahasiswa; perilaku eksplorasi karier

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v6i22021p090-095

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