Poor College Students’ Resilience Phase in Online Learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Andi Wahyu Irawan, Rury Muslifar, Dwisona Dwisona

Abstract


Abstract: After a year of the Covid-19 pandemic, online learning remains to be carried out in Indonesia. In this situation, college students have to survive with excellent resilience amid various restraints. This study investigates the poor college students’ resilience phase in online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. With the qualitative inquiry narrative method, this study involved 30 college students from Universitas Mulawarman as the participants. The participants were selected through the purposive sampling technique and interviewed via phone call. The analysis process was carried out using the induction and deduction process, while the analysis was completed based on the field data and referred to the theory in the deduction process. The research results show that college students experience three resilience phases in online learning: survival, adaptation, and recovery. The survival stage occurs in the initial months of online learning, while the adaptation phase occurs in the first six months of online learning. From the tenths month of online learning, students have reached the recovery stage. Following this research finding, guidance and counseling services in the universities are required to facilitate poor students to enhance their survivability during this pandemic.

Abstrak: Selama satu tahun pandemi Covid-19 di Indonesia, pembelajaran daring masih dilaksanakan dengan berbagai kendala. Kondisi ini membuat mahasiswa harus bertahan di tengah berbagai keterbatasan. Pada kondisi tersebut, dibutuhkan resiliensi yang baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti bagaimana fase resiliensi mahasiswa miskin selama pembelajaran daring di masa pandemi Covid-19. Metode penelitian menggunakan penelitian kualitatif inkuiri naratif. Subjek penelitian dipilih menggunakan purposive sampling dengan mewawancarai 30 mahasiswa Universitas Mulawarman melalui telepon. Analisis dilakukan menggunakan proses induksi dan deduksi khas inkuiri naratif, dengan tetap berpatokan pada data lapangan namun juga mengacu pada teori sebagai bagian dari proses deduksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa melalui tiga fase dalam menghadapi pembelajaran daring, yaitu survival, adaptation, dan recovery. Masa survival dilalui ketika satu bulan pertama pembelajaran daring. Fase adaptation dilalui ketika telah melalui enam bulan pertama. Di bulan kesepuluh, mahasiswa mencapai fase recovery. Temuan ini menghasilkan rekomendasi bahwa perlu ada upaya layanan bimbingan dan konseling di perguruan tinggi untuk memfasilitasi mahasiswa miskin mengembangkan kemampuan bertahan dalam menghadapi pembelajaran daring di masa pandemi.


Keywords


resilience; online learning; pandemic; resiliensi; pembelajaran daring; pandemi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v6i22021p052-059

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