The Effectiveness of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy to Reduce Generation Z Anxiety in the Age of Disruption

Rizqi Lestari, Budi Astuti

Abstract


Abstract: Generation Z’s use of technology inevitably allows them to get a lot of information from all over the world. Excessive information that has not been verified can cause anxiety. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the solution-focused brief therapy approach to reducing anxiety experienced by Generation Z in the era of disruption. This research is an experimental research type of single-subject research. The research subjects were three counselees who were selected using purposive sampling with the initials NI, TS, and WD. The data collection technique in this study was obtained based on the self-assessment sheet that was conducted at the UPT LBK (counseling services center) at Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. Individual counseling is conducted over two sessions using various techniques in solution-focused brief therapy, including scaling questions and miracle questions. The data analysis technique used quantitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that the anxiety experienced by the counselee could be reduced from very high to very low. Counseling with the solution-focused brief therapy approach has proven to be effective in reducing anxiety experienced by counselees because it offers a more concise and constructive counseling session, according to the characteristics of Generation Z.

Abstrak: Penggunaan teknologi oleh generasi Z yang tidak terelakkan membuat mereka mendapat banyak informasi dari berbagai penjuru dunia. Informasi berlebihan yang belum teruji kebenarannya, dapat menimbulkan kecemasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan pendekatan solution-focused brief therapy terhadap penurunan kecemasan yang dialami oleh generasi Z di era disrupsi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen jenis single subject research. Subjek penelitian merupakan 3 orang konseli yang dipilih menggunakan purposive sampling dengan inisial NI, TS, dan WD. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini diperoleh berdasarkan isian lembar self-assessment yang dilakukan di UPT LBK (counseling services center) di Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. Konseling individu dilakukan selama dua sesi dengan menggunakan berbagai teknik dalam solution-focused brief therapy, diantaranya adalah scaling questions dan miracle questions. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kecemasan yang dialami oleh konseli dapat berkurang dari sangat tinggi menjadi sangat rendah. Konseling dengan pendekatan solution-focused brief therapy terbukti efektif terhadap penurunan kecemasan yang dialami oleh konseli karena menawarkan sesi konseling yang lebih ringkas dan konstruktif, sesuai dengan karakteristik generasi Z.


Keywords


anxiety; solution-focused brief therapy; generation Z; kecemasan; generasi Z

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v6i32021p096-104

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