Indonesian Adaptation of the Multicultural School Counseling Behavior Scale

Endang Rifani, Munik Yuni Artika, Indrajati Kunwijaya, Haris Yuftika Hani

Abstract


Abstract: School counselors should possess multicultural competence as an important aspect in the implementation of guidance and counseling services. Counseling services require school counselors to empower students who have different cultural backgrounds from theirs. The Multicultural School Counseling Behavior Scale (MSCBS) is a scale to measure the school counselors’ multicultural competence represented by their attitudes and behavior in implementing guidance and counseling services in schools. This study aims to adapt the MSCBS into Indonesian, considering the limited multicultural competency measuring tool for school counselors that includes the attitudes and behavior of school counselors in counseling. The research subjects were 257 junior and senior high school counselors. The scale test was carried out through a readability test involving small groups and a quantitative test using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to examine the validity of the scale and generate a fit model showing a satisfactory construct validity and acceptable indices of the goodness of fit. The Alpha Cronbach test was conducted to examine scale reliability. The test results show great reliability. The results show that the Indonesian version of MSCBS with 29 items can be employed for guidance and counseling research purposes.

Abstrak: Layanan bimbingan dan konseling di sekolah menuntut konselor sekolah untuk memberdayakan siswa yang memiliki perbedaan latar belakang budaya dengan konselor. The Multicultural School Counseling Behavior Scale (MSCBS) merupakan alat ukur untuk mengukur kompetensi multikultural konselor sekolah yang direpresentasikan dengan sikap serta perilaku konselor sekolah pada pelaksanaan program layanan bimbingan dan konseling di sekolah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengadaptasi alat ukur MSCBS ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Responden penelitian sebanyak 257 konselor sekolah menengah pertama dan sekolah menengah atas. Uji alat ukur dilakukan melalui uji keterbacaan dengan melibatkan kelompok kecil. Uji kuantitatif dengan menggunakan Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) untuk menguji validitas skala dan menghasilkan model fit yang menunjukkan validitas konstruk yang memuaskan dan indeks goodness of fit yang dapat diterima. Uji Alpha Cronbach dilakukan untuk melihat reliabilitas skala, hasil menunjukkan reliabilitas yang baik. Hasil menunjukkan MSCBS versi Indonesia dengan 29 butir dapat digunakan untuk keperluan penelitian bimbingan dan konseling.


Keywords


scale adaptation; multicultural; school counselors; adaptasi instrumen; kompetensi multikultural; konselor sekolah

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v6i32021p132-140

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