Pengaruh Regulasi Emosi terhadap Harga Diri Siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas di Yogyakarta

Alif Muarifah, Mufied Fauziah, Wahyu Nanda Eka Saputra, Augusto Da Costa

Abstract


Abstract: Self-esteem is an important element for students to support their development optimally. However, students performed various problems related to the students’ self-esteem level. For instance, students posted their activities and problems on social media. One variable affected self-esteem was students’ emotional control. This study aimed to identify the effect of emotional control on students’ self-esteem. This study involved 612 students as sample who were randomly selected in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Data analysis technique in this research was regression analysis. Results indicated that there was a significant effect of emotional control on students’ self-esteem. This study recommended a counseling service to increase students’ self-esteem by involving emotional control variable.

Abstrak: Harga diri merupakan unsur penting bagi siswa agar dapat berkembang secara optimal. Akan tetapi, siswa kerap kali mengalami masalah yang berkaitan dengan rendahnya harga diri mereka, misalnya siswa menunjukkan berbagai kegiatan dan masalahnya di media sosial. Salah satu variabel yang berpengaruh terhadap harga diri adalah regulasi emosi siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh regulasi emosi terhadap harga diri siswa. Penelitian ini melibatkan sampel sebanyak 612 siswa sekolah menengah atas (SMA) yang dipilih secara acak di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan antara regulasi emosi terhadap harga diri siswa. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan sebuah program layanan konseling untuk meningkatkan harga diri siswa dengan melibatkan variabel regulasi emosi.


Keywords


self-regulation; self-esteem; senior high school student; regulasi emosi; harga diri; siswa SMA

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andreassen, C. S., Pallesen, S., & Griffiths, M. D. (2017). The Relationship between Addictive Use of Social Media, Narcissism, and Self-Esteem: Findings From a Large National Survey. Addictive Behaviors, 64(Supplement C), 287–293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.03.006

Aryana, M. (2010). Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement amongst Pre-University Students. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(20), 2474–2477.

Blackhart, G. C., Nelson, B. C., Knowles, M. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2009). Rejection Elicits Emotional Reactions but Neither Causes Immediate Distress nor Lowers Self-Esteem: A Meta-Analytic Review of 192 Studies on Social Exclusion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 13(4), 269–309. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868309346065

Blomfield Neira, C. J., & Barber, B. L. (2014). Social Networking Site Use: Linked to Adolescents’ Social Self-Concept, Self-Esteem, and Depressed Mood. Australian Journal of Psychology, 66(1), 56–64. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajpy.12034

Ciarrochi, J., Heaven, P. C., & Davies, F. (2007). The Impact of Hope, Self-Esteem, and Attributional Style on Adolescents’ School Grades and Emotional Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(6), 1161–1178.

Cooper, J., & Maxwell, N. (1995). Narcissistic Wounds: Clinical Perspectives. Wiley-Blackwell.

Corey, G. (2015). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. Nelson Education.

Forsyth, D. R., Lawrence, N. K., Burnette, J. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Attempting to Improve the Academic Performance of Struggling College Students by Bolstering Their Self–esteem: An Intervention that Backfired. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 26(4), 447–459.

Goldin, P. R., & Gross, J. J. (2010). Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on Emotion Regulation in Social Anxiety Disorder. Emotion, 10(1), 83.

Gomez-Baya, D., Mendoza, R., Paino, S., & de Matos, M. G. (2017). Perceived Emotional Intelligence As A Predictor of Depressive Symptoms During Mid-Adolescence: A Two-Year Longitudinal Study on Gender Differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 303–312.

Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional Assessment of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Development, Factor Structure, and Initial Validation of The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26(1), 41–54.

Hollenbaugh, E. E., & Ferris, A. L. (2014). Facebook Self-Disclosure: Examining The Role of Traits, Social Cohesion, and Motives. Computers in Human Behavior, 30, 50–58.

Leary, M. R., & Baumeister, R. F. (2000). The Nature and fuNction of Self-Esteem: Sociometer Theory. Dalam Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 32, hal. 1–62). Elsevier.

Marshall, S. L., Parker, P. D., Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P. C. (2014). Is Self-Esteem A Cause or Consequence of Social Support? A 4-Year Longitudinal Study. Child Development, 85(3), 1275–1291.

Mehdizadeh, S. (2010). Self-Presentation 2.0: Narcissism and Self-Esteem on Facebook. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13(4), 357–364.

Morf, C. C., & Rhodewalt, F. (2001). Unraveling the Paradoxes of Narcissism: A Dynamic Self-Regulatory Processing Model. Psychological Inquiry, 12(4), 177–196.

Orth, U., & Robins, R. W. (2014). The Development of Self-Esteem. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(5), 381–387.

Pellas, N. (2014). The Influence of Computer Self-Efficacy, Metacognitive Self-Regulation and Self-Esteem on Student Engagement in Online Learning Programs: Evidence from The Virtual World of Second Life. Computers in Human Behavior, 35(Supplement C), 157–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.02.048

Pullmann, H., & Allik, J. (2008). Relations of Academic and General Self-Esteem to School Achievement. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(6), 559–564.

Safaria, T. (2012). Kecenderungan Penyalahgunaan Napza Ditinjau Dari Tingkat Religiusitas Regulasi Emosi, Motif Berprestasi, Harga Diri, Keharmonisan Keluarga, dan Pengaruh Negatif Teman Sebaya. HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia), 4(1), 13–24.

Sakellaropoulo, M., & Baldwin, M. W. (2007). The Hidden Sides of Self-Esteem: Two Dimensions of Implicit Self-Esteem and Their Relation to Narcissistic Reactions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43(6), 995–1001.

Schmeichel, B. J., Volokhov, R. N., & Demaree, H. A. (2008). Working Memory Capacity and The Self-Regulation of Emotional Expression and Experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(6), 1526.

Soufi, S., Damirchi, E. S., Sedghi, N., & Sabayan, B. (2014). Development of Structural Model for Prediction of Academic Achievement by Global Self-Esteem, Academic Self-concept, Self-regulated Learning Strategies and Autonomous Academic Motivation. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114(Supplement C), 26–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.651

Srisayekti, W., & Setiady, D. A. (2015). Harga-Diri (Self-esteem) Terancam dan Perilaku Menghindar. Jurnal Psikologi, 42(2), 141–156.

Tafarodi, R. W., & Swann Jr, W. B. (2001). Two-Dimensional Self-Esteem: Theory and Measurement. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(5), 653–673.

Tice, D. M., Baumeister, R. F., & Zhang, L. (2004). The Role of Emotion in Self-Regulation: Differing Role of Positive and Negative Emotions. The Regulation of Emotion, 213–226.

Tracy, J. L., Cheng, J. T., Robins, R. W., & Trzesniewski, K. H. (2009). Authentic and Hubristic Pride: The Affective Core of Self-Esteem and Narcissism. Self and Identity, 8(2–3), 196–213.

Vandekerckhove, M., Von Scheve, C., Ismer, S., Jung, S., & Kronast, S. (2008). Regulating Emotions: Culture, Social Necessity, and Biological Inheritance. Wiley Online Library.

Woods, H. C., & Scott, H. (2016). # Sleepyteens: Social Media Use in Adolescence is Associated with Poor Sleep Quality, Anxiety, Depression and Low Self-Esteem. Journal of Adolescence, 51, 41–49.

Zeigler-Hill, V., Clark, C. B., & Pickard, J. D. (2008). Narcissistic Subtypes and Contingent Self-Esteem: Do All Narcissists Base Their Self-Esteem on the Same Domains? Journal of Personality, 76(4), 753–774.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v4i32019p094

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Muarifah Alif, Mufied Fauziah, Wahyu Nanda Eka Saputra, Augusto Da Costa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling
ISSN 2503-3417 (online), ISSN 2548-4311 (print)
Email: jkbk.fip@um.ac.id

Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling is indexed by:

google.pnggoogle.pngipiii.pngone.pngpkpp.png

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

  View Visitor Stats