Keefektifan Teknik Latihan Asertif terhadap Komunikasi Interpersonal dan Konformitas Teman Sebaya Siswa

Nur Yulianto Akbar, Muhammad Nur Wangid, Galuh Prawitasari

Abstract


Abstract: Both interpersonal communication and conformity are prominent variables for adolescent’s social development. Adolescent who fails to establish a good interpersonal communication may turn to an aggressive individual, while the one who is too conformist will be more vulnerable to engage in juvenile delinquency. This study aims to investigate the effect of assertive training on interpersonal communication and peer conformity of junior high school students. 12 eighth graders of Junior High School Muhammadiyah 2 Mlati Yogyakarta were involved in the study. The study applied a Quasi Experimental approach with non-equivalent-groups pretest-posttest design. To gather research data, the study used Interpersonal Communication and Peer Conformity Scales. The result shows that assertive training is effective to increase interpersonal communication and to decrease the level of peer conformity. Based on the result, the next study needs to compare the effect of assertive training and other behavioral techniques on the two variables.

Abstrak: Komunikasi interpersonal maupun konformitas merupakan dua variabel penting dalam perkembangan kehidupan sosial remaja. Remaja yang gagal membangun komunikasi interpersonal dengan baik dapat menjadi remaja agresif, sedangkan remaja yang terlampau konformis rentan terlibat dalam kenakalan remaja. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui keefektifan teknik asertif terhadap komunikasi interpersonal dan tingkat konformitas teman sebaya pada siswa sekolah menengah pertama (SMP). Subjek penelitian adalah 12 siswa kelas delapan SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Mlati, Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian Quasi Eksperimen menggunakan desain pretest dan posttest. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah skala komunikasi interpersonal dan skala konformitas teman sebaya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa teknik latihan asertif efektif untuk meningkatkan komunikasi interpersonal dan menurunkan tingkat konformitas teman sebaya subjek. Penelitian selanjutnya dapat membandingkan keefektifan teknik asertif dengan teknik behavioral lainnya.


Keywords


assertive training; interpersonal communication; peer conformity; behavioral; latihan asertif; komunikasi interpersonal; konformitas teman sebaya;

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v5i12020p018

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