Kontribusi Planned Happenstance Skills terhadap Perilaku Eksplorasi Karier Siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan: Peran Mediasi Career Decision Self-Efficacy

Subhanallah Ramdhan, Rose Mini Agoes Salim

Abstract


Abstract: Career exploration is the acquisition of career information that results in the formation of career maturity. This study aims to explain the role of internal factors that drive career exploration behavior. Specifically, the study examines the role of career decision self-efficacy in mediating the effect of planned happenstance skills on career exploration behavior. The study applied correlational design with regression analysis. 414 male and 394 female students from vocational high schools in Jakarta were chosen purposively to participate in the study. The Career Exploration Survey, The Planned Happenstance Skill Inventory, and The Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form were used to collect research data. The results show that the effect of planned happenstance skills on student career exploration behavior was partially mediated by career decision self-efficacy. This indicates that the development of the ability to take advantage of certain events can form career related behaviors. Based on the results, it is recommended for school counselors to train students with planned happenstance skills while conducting career counseling in order to develop their career readiness optimally

Abstrak: Eksplorasi karier adalah perilaku pemerolehan informasi yang berujung pada terbentuknya kematangan karier seseorang. Penelitian ini berusaha menjelaskan peran faktor intriksik yang mendorong perilaku eksplorasi karier siswa. Secara spesifik, penelitian ini menguji peran career decision self-efficacy dalam memediasi pengaruh planned happenstance skill terhadap perilaku eksplorasi karier siswa. Penelitian kuantitatif ini mempunyai desain penelitian korelasional dengan teknik analisis regresi. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Responden pada penelitian ini adalah para siswa dari Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) di Jakarta. Pengambilan data secara survei dilakukan kepada responden yang terdiri dari 414 laki-laki dan 394 perempuan. Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah Career Exploration Survey, The Planned Happenstance Skill Inventory, serta Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale Short Form. Berdasarkan hasil uji regresi dengan PROCESS dari Hayes, ditemukan bahwa pengaruh yang dihasilkan oleh planned happenstance skill terhadap perilaku eksplorasi karier siswa dimediasi secara parsial oleh career decision self-efficacy. Penelitian ini mengindikasikan bahwa pengembangan terhadap kemampuan mengambil kesempatan dari peristiwa tertentu dapat membantu siswa dalam proses pembentukan perilaku yang terkait karier. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, konselor sekolah disarankan untuk menggabungkan pelatihan kemampuan planned happenstance pada saat sedang melakukan sesi konseling agar kesiapan siswa dalam kariernya bisa berkembang dengan optimal.


Keywords


career exploration behaviour; planned happenstance skill; career decision self-efficacy; adolescent; vocational school; perilaku eksplorasi karier; remaja; SMK

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v5i12020p024

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