Efficiency of Students’ Needs Assessment Application Facilitated by Text Communication Media

Guruh Sukma Hanggara, Nora Yuniar Setyaputri, Restu Dwi Ariyanto

Abstract


Abstract: Needs assessment is the main thing performed by school counselors as a basis for developing a guidance and counseling service program. In conducting needs assessment, problems that frequently occur are related to ratios, feasibility and practicality of instruments, as well as needs assessment procedures. One solution that can be used to overcome these problems is the use of application analysis needs of students based on text communication media. This research aims to determine the efficiency of students’ needs analysis application based on text communication media on vocational high school students. The research method used was experiment with the one-group pretest-posttest design technique. The research population was 45 vocational high school counselors in Kediri city. The percentage of random sampling was 25% of the total population, so the number of subjects was 11 people. The research instrument was the Students’ Needs Efficiency Assessment Questionnaire by the school counselor and interviews. The research data were analyzed in descriptively and comparative tests. Based on the analysis results, the needs assessment of text-based media communication is to improve the efficiency of students’ assessment declared efficient.

Abstrak: Assessment kebutuhan merupakan hal pokok yang dilakukan konselor sekolah sebagai dasar dalam menyusun program layanan bimbingan dan konseling. Dalam pelaksanaan assessment kebutuhan, kerap terjadi masalah terkait rasio, kelayakan dan kepraktisan instrumen, maupun prosedur assessment kebutuhan. Salah satu solusi yang dapat digunakan untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut adalah penggunaan aplikasi analisis kebutuhan siswa berbasis media komunikasi teks. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efisiensi aplikasi analisis kebutuhan siswa berbasis media komunikasi teks pada siswa sekolah menengah kejuruan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen dengan teknik one-group pretest-posttest design. Populasi penelitian adalah konselor sekolah menengah kejuruan se-kota Kediri yang berjumlah 45 orang. Persentase pengambilan sampel secara acak sebesar 25% dari total populasi, jadi jumlah subjek sebesar 11 orang. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan Kuisioner Efisiensi Assessment Kebutuhan Siswa oleh konselor sekolah dan wawancara. Data penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif dan uji beda. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, assessment kebutuhan berbasis media komunikasi teks untuk meningkatkan efisiensi assessment siswa dinyatakan efisien.


Keywords


application; needs analysis; text communication; efficiency; aplikasi; analisis kebutuhan; komunikasi teks; efisiensi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v4i42019p150

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