School Well-Being Siswa Sekolah Dasar dan Siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama Pengguna Sistem Full-Day School di Indonesia

Faizah Faizah, Ulifa Rahma, Yuliezar Perwira Dara, Candra Laksmana Gunawan

Abstract


Abstract: Character building education in Indonesia has officially become a new regulation in the aspect of education therefore several state-owned schools have implemented a full-day system. The school system and the presence of student are complementary components, students' perspective upon themselves and the school environment as part of well-being fulfillment. The purpose of this study was to determine the state of school well-being of elementary school students and junior high school students who implemented the full-day system. This research was a comparative quantitative study with accidental sampling technique. This research was conducted in Malang, involving 285 students from five elementary schools and 275 students from three junior high schools as participants. The research instrument used was the School Well-being Profile (SWP). The data analysis using independent two-sample t-test with Welchs t-test method. The results showed there were differences in school well-being in elementary and junior high school students in full-day systems. Elementary students have higher school well-being compared to junior high school students. Furthermore, the results of this study can be used as a reference to provide counseling services in improving school well-being of full day school students, especially junior high school students.

Abstrak: Pendidikan pembangunan karakter di Indonesia telah resmi menjadi peraturan baru bagi dunia pendidikan sehingga beberapa sekolah negeri memberlakukan sistem full day. Sistem sekolah dan eksistensi siswa merupakan komponen yang saling melengkapi, pandangan siswa terhadap diri dan lingkungan sekolah sebagai bagian dari terpenuhinya well-being. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui keadaan school well-being siswa Sekolah Dasar (SD) dan siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP) yang menerapkan sistem full day. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif komparatif dengan teknik sampling accidental sampling. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Malang, dengan melibatkan 285 siswa dari lima SD dan 275 siswa dari tiga SMP sebagai partisipan. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan yaitu School Well-being Profile (SWP). Analisis data menggunakan independent two-sample t-test dengan metode Welchs t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan school well-being pada siswa SD dan SMP sistem full day. Siswa SD memiliki school well-being yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan siswa SMP. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan acuan untuk memberikan layanan konseling dalam meningkatkan school well-being siswa sekolah full day khususnya siswa jenjang SMP.


Keywords


school well-being; elementary school; junior high school; full-day system; sekolah dasar; sekolah menengah pertama; sistem full-day

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v5i12020p034

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