PEMODELAN KLAIM ASURANSI MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN BAYESIAN DAN MARKOV CHAIN MONTE CARLO

Azizah Azizah

Abstract


The determination of the correct prediction of claims frequency and claims severity is very important in the insurance business to determine the outstanding claims reserve which should be prepared by an insurance company. One approach which may be used to predict a future value is the Bayesian approach. This approach combines the sample and the prior information The information is used to construct the posterior distribution and to determine the estimate of the parameters. However, in this approach, integrations of functions with high dimensions are often encountered. In this Thesis, a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation is used using the Gibbs Sampling algorithm to solve the problem. The MCMC simulation uses ergodic chain property in Markov Chain. In Ergodic Markov Chain, a stationary distribution, which is the target distribution, is obtained. The MCMC simulation is applied in Hierarchical Poisson Model. The OpenBUGS software is used to carry out the tasks. The MCMC simulation in Hierarchical Poisson Model can predict the claims frequency.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um055v2i2p7-13

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Jurnal Kajian Matematika dan Aplikasinya
e-ISSN: 2722-7650

Department of Mathematics, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Malang
Jalan Semarang 5, Malang,
Gedung O-7 (Matematika)
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E-mail: jkma.journal@um.ac.id