Keefektifan Konseling Kelompok Realitas untuk Meningkatkan Academic Hardiness Mahasiswa

Zamroni Zamroni

Abstract


Abstract: This study aims to test the effectiveness of reality group counseling to improve student hardiness academic. This experimental study used pretest-posttest control group design. The experimental group and control group each numbered four people obtained through purposive sampling technique. Research instrument used: (1) reality group counseling procedure which has validity of inter-rater agreement model of 0.880; and (2) a scale that has item validity of 0.296 s.d. 0.610 and reliability of 0.914. Hypothesis testing using statistical test nonparametrik Mann-Whitney U Test. Based on the results of statistical tests note that the value of z arithmet = -2.309 with p value = 0.021 <0.05 states that Ho is rejected and Ha accepted. This means effective group counseling to improve student academic hardiness. The experimental group had a higher mean score than the control group.

 

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji keefektifan konseling kelompok realitas untuk meningkatkan academic hardiness mahasiswa. Penelitian eksperimen ini menggunakan rancangan pretest-posttest control group design. Kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok kontrol masing-masing berjumlah empat orang yang diperoleh melalui teknik purposive sampling. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan: (1) prosedur konseling kelompok realitas yang memiliki validitas inter-rater agreement model sebesar 0,880; dan (2) skala yang memiliki validitas item 0,296 s.d. 0,610 dan reliabilitas sebesar 0,914. Pengujian hipotesis menggunakan uji statistik nonparametrik Mann-Whitney U Test. Berdasarkan hasil uji statistik diketahui bahwa nilai z hitung = -2,309 dengan nilai p = 0,021 < 0,05 menyatakan bahwa Ho ditolak dan Ha diterima. Hal ini berarti konseling kelompok realitas efektif untuk meningkatkan academic hardiness mahasiswa. Kelompok eksperimen memiliki rerata skor lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol.

Keywords


reality group counseling; academic hardiness; konseling kelompok realitas; academic hardiness

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