The Flame Characteristics of Diesel Fuel Blend with Kepuh (Sterculia Foetida) Biodiesel

Dani Hari Tunggal Prasetiyo, Nasrul Ilminnafik, Sallahudin Junus

Abstract


Kepuh biodiesel fuel (sterculia foetida) is an alternative fuel that can be used to replace fossil fuel. Diesel fuel is performed to determine the laminar flame speed of combustion and high flame by adding biodiesel kepuh volume of 10%, 20%, 30%. The purpose of this study was to study the effect of biodiesel and the effect of bunsen burners on the laminar flame speed of combustion and flame height. Bunsen burner is made of copper and stainless steel. Testing of flame characteristics were carried out by heating the mixture of fuel and air at temperature of 200oC. The purpose of heating the air is to prevent cooling when mixed with fuel. The mixture of fuel and air flowed into the mixing chamber and bunsen burner. The mixture of fuel and water flows into the mixing chamber and bunsen burner to form a fire. Flame images were recorded using a high speed fuji film camera with a speed of 480 fps with a resolution of 224x168. The test results were analyzed by measuring the angle and height of the flame using the freeware imageJ program. The results of the B10 (diesel oil without the addition of biodiesel) fuel mixture test using copper bunsen burner produced a maximum laminar flame speed of 23.6264 cm / s at φ = 0.8. The highest value of the B30 fuel mix flame (30% full biodiesel + 70% diesel oil) produces a maximum flame value using a stainless steel bunsen burner with a value of 25,417 mm at φ = 1.2. The results showed that B10 in copper bunsen burner had the highest laminar burn rate. The composition of the fuel and bunsen burner affects the combustion characteristics and flame height.

Keywords


Biodiesel, equivalent ratio, flame angle, flame height, laminar burning

Full Text:

PDF

References


D.B.N. Riwu, I.N.G. Wardana, dan L. Yuliati., “Kecepatan pembakaran premixed campuran minyak jarak – liquefued petroleum gas (LPG) pada circular tube burner”, Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin, vol. 7, pp. 41-47, 2016.

M.A.A. Banjari, L. Yuliati, dan A. A. Sonief, “Karakteristik pembakaran difusi campuran biodiesel minyak jarak pagar (Jathropha curcas L) - etanol/metanol pada mini glass tube”, Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin, Vol 6, pp. 85-93, 2015.

I.K.G. Wirawan, I.N.G. Wardana, R. Soenoko, and S. Wahyudi, “Premixed combustion of kapok (Ceiba pentandra) seed oil on perforated burner”, IJRED, vol. 3, pp. 91-97, 2014.

N. Kharis, H. Sutjahjono, H. Arbiantara, D. Setyawan, dan N. Ilminnafik, “Karakteristik biodiesel dari minyak biji randu (Ceiba pentandra) dengan proses transesterifikasi menggunakan katalis NaOH”, Jurnal Energi dan Manufaktur, vol. 12, pp. 37-40, 2019.

H. Bachtiar, B. A. Fachri, and N. Ilminnafik, “Flame characteristics of diffusion of calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester on mini glass tube”, Akademia Baru., vol. 57, pp.40-47, 2019.

Misbachudin., L. Yuliati, and O. Novareza, “Pengaruh persentase biodiesel minyak nyamplung–solar terhadap karakteristik pembakaran droplet”, Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin, vol. 8, pp. 9-14, 2017.

A.S. Silitonga, H.C. Ong, H.H. Masjuki, T.M.I. Mahlia and W.T. Chong., “Production of biodiesel from Sterculia foetida and its process optimization”, Fuel, vol. 111, pp 478–484, 2013.

V. Rao, Ramesh S, and Anil Kumar S., “Study of C I engine performance with diesel - biodiesel (Sterculia foetida) blend as fuel”, International Journal of Trend in Research and Development, vol. 2, pp. 76-79, 2015.

M.S. Kavitha and S. Murugavelh, “Optimization and transesterification of sterculia oil: Assessment of engine performance, emission and combustion analysis”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 234, pp. 1192-1209, 2019.

H.S. Zhen, C.W. Leung., C.S. Cheung and Z.H. Huang., “Characterization of biogas-hydrogen premixed flames using Bunsen burner”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, pp. 13292 – 13299, 2014.

D.S. Listyadi, I. B. Erawan, and N. Ilminnafik, “Analysis of characteristic of combustion flame from biogas fuel mixed with butane”, IJCAR, vol. 7, pp. 12284-12287, 2018.

P.P. Sethusundaram, M.Vijayakumar., and N. Prasanna, “Effect of Sterculia foetida biodiesel on single cylinder four stroke diesel engine performance and emission”, Journal of Advances in Chemistry, vol 12, pp. 4614 – 4621, 2016.

S. B. L. Muhaya, ING. Wardana, dan D. Widhiyanuriyawan, “Pembakaran premixed minyak nabati pada bunsen burner type silinder”, Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin, vol. 6, pp. 45-50, 2015.

H.C. Ong, A.S. Silitonga, H.H. Masjuki, T.M.I. Mahlia and W.T. Chong., “Production and comparative fuel properties of biodiesel from non-edible oils: Jatropha curcas, Sterculia foetida and Ceiba pentandra”, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 73, pp. 245–255, 2013.

J.Wan and A. Fan., “Effect of solid material on the blow-off limit of CH4/air flames in a micro combustor with a plate flame holder and preheating channels”, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 101, pp. 552–560, 2015.

L. Mustiadi, “Karakteristik laju pembakaran minyak jarak pagar dengan penambahan partikel karbon bio”, Senaspro, pp. 325-329, 2016.

S. Sukarni, P. Partono, D. Krisdianto, and R. Wulandari, “Effect of magnetic field on diesel engine power fuelled with jatropha-diesel oil”, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 1, pp. 44-48, 2017.

Y. Yan, H. Wang, W. Pan, T L. Zhang, L. Li, Z. Yang, and C. Lin, “Numerical study of effect of wall parameters on catalytic combustion characteristics of CH4/air in a heat recirculation micro-combustor”, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 118, pp. 474–484, 2016.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, W. Yang, J. Liu, Z. Wang, and K. Cen, “Combustion of hydrogen–air in catalytic micro-combustors made of different material”, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 34, pp. 3535–3545, 2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um016v3i22019p070

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats