Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Pembelajaran, Kepemimpinan Perubahan, Kepemimpinan Spiritual, Budaya Sekolah, dan Etika Profesi terhadap Kinerja Mengajar Guru

Desi Eri Kusumaningrum, Raden Bambang Sumarsono, Imam Gunawan

Abstract


 

Abstract: Empowerment of Human Resources (HR) is directed to increase HR participation in organizations and increase productivity. The results of various studies show that HR is a determinant of productivity. HR in the field of education can be grouped into three groups, namely the principal, teachers, and TAS. School competitiveness is also determined by the human resources it has. This research was conducted in a pesantren-based Junior High School (SMP) in East Java. The schools which are the research sites are: (1) SMP Insan Terpadu Probolinggo; (2) SMP Assa’adah Gresik; dan (3) SMP An Nur Bululawang Malang. This research refers to the Model of Empowerment of Islamic Boarding School-Based Human Resources Empowerment with Soft System Methodology Approach that has been designed. Researchers take quantitative measurements of the variables that impact the existence of the model. The variables measured were six variables, namely: learning leadership, change leadership, spiritual leadership, school culture, professional ethics, and teacher teaching performance. The method to be used is quantitative research. Measurement of the six variables is using a questionnaire instrument. The analysis that will be used is descriptive and regression analysis. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that there is a significant influence of learning leadership, change leadership, spiritual leadership, school culture, and professional ethics on the teaching performance of pesantren-based junior high schools in East Java.

 

Abstrak: Pemberdayaan sumber daya manusia (SDM) diarahkan untuk meningkatkan partisipasi SDM dalam organisasi dan meningkatkan produktivitas. Hasil berbagai studi menunjukkan bahwa SDM merupakan faktor penentu produktivitas. SDM bidang pendidikan tataran sekolah dapat dikelompokkan menjadi tiga, yaitu kepala sekolah, guru, dan TAS. Daya saing sekolah juga ditentukan oleh SDM yang dimiliki. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SMP berbasis pesantren di Jawa Timur. Sekolah yang menjadi tempat penelitian ialah: (1) SMP Insan Terpadu Probolinggo; (2) SMP Assa’adah Gresik; dan (3) SMP An Nur Bululawang Malang. Penelitian ini mengacu pada rancangan Model Pemberdayaan Sumber Daya Manusia Sekolah Menengah Pertama Berbasis Pesantren dengan Pendekatan Soft System Methodology. Peneliti melakukan pengukuran secara kuantitatif terhadap variabel yang menjadi dampak adanya model tersebut. Adapun variabel yang diukur ada enam variabel, yaitu: kepemimpinan pembelajaran, kepemimpinan perubahan, kepemimpinan spiritual, budaya sekolah, etika profesi, dan kinerja mengajar guru. Metode yang akan digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif. Pengukuran terhadap keenam variabel tersebut adalah dengan instrumen angket. Analisis yang akan digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif dan regresi. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data dapat disimpulkan ada pengaruh yang signifikan kepemimpinan pembelajaran, kepemimpinan perubahan, kepemimpinan spiritual, budaya sekolah, dan etika profesi terhadap kinerja mengajar guru Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP) berbasis pesantren di Jawa Timur.


Keywords


empowerment; human resources; boarding school-based; soft system methodology; instructional leadership; change leadership; spiritual leadership; school culture; professional ethics; teacher teaching performance; pemberdayaan; sumber daya manusia; sekolah

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um025v4i32020p198

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