PENGARUH GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN, KEMAMPUAN MANAJERIAL, EFIKASI DIRI, DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR TERHADAP KESIAPAN KERJA MAHASISWA

Imam Gunawan, Djum Djum Noor Benty, Desi Eri Kusumaningrum, Raden Bambang Sumarsono, Dika Novita Sari, Firda Dwi Pratiwi, Sari Oktavia Ningsih, Abida Ferindistika Putri, Lim Kim Hui

Abstract


Abstract: Work readiness is a condition of students when after graduating they have the competencies needed to enter the workforce. The entrepreneurial spirit is also part of the work readiness of students. Various rides can be used by students in preparing themselves to enter the workforce. Important factors that support job readiness besides competence are communication factors and the extent of student association. Student organizations (Ormawa) are vehicles that can be used by students for this purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of leadership style, managerial ability, self-efficacy, and learning achievement on work readiness of students of the Faculty of Education, State University of Malang. This study uses a quantitative approach. The design or design of this study is an ex-post-facto cross-sectional survey and is included in the descriptive-causality research type. The population of this research is all of the management of Ormawa Faculty of Education, State University of Malang. Based on the calculation of Krejcie and Morgan Table (1970), the total population was 269 students, taken as a sample of 158 students. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire. Analysis of the data that will be used in this study are: (1) descriptive analysis; (2) regression analysis; and (3) path analysis. Based on the results of data analysis, this study concludes: (1) there is a significant influence of leadership style (X1) on students' work readiness (Y); (2) there is a significant influence of managerial ability (X2) on student work readiness of Ormawa (Y); (3) there is a significant effect of self-efficacy (X3) on student work readiness of Ormawa (Y); (4) there is a significant effect of learning achievement (X4) on student work readiness of Ormawa (Y); and (5) there is a significant influence of leadership style (X1), managerial ability (X2), self-efficacy (X3), and learning achievement (X4) on students' work readiness (Y).

Abstrak: Kesiapan kerja adalah kondisi mahasiswa ketika setelah lulus memiliki kompetensi yang dibutuhkan untuk memasuki dunia kerja. Jiwa berwirausaha juga merupakan bagian kesiapan kerja mahasiswa. Berbagai wahana dapat dimanfaatkan mahasiswa dalam mempersiapkan dirinya untuk memasuki dunia kerja. Faktor penting yang mendukung kesiapan kerja selain kompetensi adalah faktor komunikasi dan luasnya pergaulan mahasiswa. Organisasi kemahasiswaan (ormawa) merupakan wahana yang dapat digunakan mahasiswa untuk itu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh gaya kepemimpinan, kemampuan manajerial, efikasi diri, dan prestasi belajar terhadap kesiapan kerja mahasiswa ormawa Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Malang. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. Rancangan atau desain penelitian ini adalah survey cross-sectional ex-post-facto dan termasuk dalam jenis penelitian deskriptif-kausalitas. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh pengurus Ormawa Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Malang. Berdasarkan perhitungan Tabel Krejcie dan Morgan (1970), jumlah populasi sebanyak 269 orang mahasiswa, diambil sampel penelitian sebanyak 158 orang mahasiswa. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah angket. Analisis data yang akan digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah: (1) analisis deskriptif; (2) analisis regresi; dan (3) analisis jalur. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, penelitian ini menyimpulkan: (1) ada pengaruh yang signifikan gaya kepemimpinan (X1) terhadap kesiapan kerja mahasiswa ormawa (Y); (2) ada pengaruh yang signifikan kemampuan manajerial (X2) terhadap kesiapan kerja mahasiswa ormawa (Y); (3) ada pengaruh yang signifikan efikasi diri (X3) terhadap kesiapan kerja mahasiswa ormawa (Y); (4) ada pengaruh yang signifikan prestasi belajar (X4) terhadap kesiapan kerja mahasiswa ormawa (Y); dan (5) ada pengaruh yang signifikan gaya kepemimpinan (X1), kemampuan manajerial (X2), efikasi diri (X3), dan prestasi belajar (X4) terhadap kesiapan kerja mahasiswa ormawa (Y).


Keywords


Leadership Style; Managerial Ability; Self-Efficacy; Learning Achievement; Student Work Readiness; Gaya Kepemimpinan; Kemampuan Manajerial; Efikasi Diri; Prestasi Belajar; Kesiapan Kerja Mahasiswa

Full Text:

PDF

References


ACT. (2013). Work Readiness Standards and Benchmarks: The Key to Differentiation America’s Workforce and Regaining Global Competitiveness. (Online), (http://workreadycommunities.org/resources/Standards-and-Benchmarks.pdf), diakses 24 Agustus 2019.

Alhusin, S. (2003). Aplikasi Statistik Praktis dengan SPSS 10 for Windows. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Alwisol. (2007). Psikologi Kepribadian. Malang: UMM Press.

Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R. (2001). A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assesing: A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educatioanl Objectives. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Anthony, L. D. (2005). Self-Efficacy and Work-Readiness of Disadvantaged Females. Disertasi tidak diterbitkan. Athens, Georgia: The University of Georgia.

Argadinata, H., & Gunawan, I. (2019). The Leadership of Pancasila in Education: Foundation for Strengthening Student Characters in the Industrial Revolution Era 4.0. The 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019). Atlantis Press.

Arnold, J., & Mackenzie-Davey, K. (1992). Self-Ratings and Supervisor Ratings of Graduate Employees’ Competencies During Early Career. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 65, 235-250.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., & Razavieh, A. (1982). Pengantar Penelitian dalam Pendidikan. Terjemahan oleh Arief Furchan. Surabaya: Usaha Nasional.

Astuti, J. S. (2011). Gaya Kepemimpinan Mahasiswa Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang.

Bafadal, I., Sobri, A. Y., Nurabadi, A., & Gunawan, I. (2019). Standards of Competency of Head of School Beginners as Leaders in Learning Innovation. 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019). Atlantis Press.

Baiti, R. D., Abdullah, S. M., & Rochwidowati, N. S. (2017). Career Self-Efficacy dan Kesiapan Kerja pada Mahasiswa Semester Akhir. Jurnal Psikologi Integratif, 5(2), 128-141.

Baker, S. B., Foxx, S. P., Akcan-Aydin, P., Williams, R. G., Ashraf, A., & Martinez, R. R. (2019). Psychometric Properties of the Career and College Readiness Self-Efficacy Inventory. VISTAS, 1-13.

Bandaranaike, S., & Willison, J. (2015). Building Capacity for Work-Readiness: Bridging the Cognitive and Affective Domains. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 16(3), 223-233.

Bandura, A. (1978). Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unififying Theory of Behavioral Change. Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1(4), 139-161.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1989). Regulation of Cognitive Processes Through Perceived Self-Efficacy. Developmental Psychology, 25(5), 729-735.

Bandura, A. (1991). Self Efficacy Mechanism in Psychological and Health-Promoting Behavior. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Bandura, A. (1993). Perceived Self-Efficacy in Cognitive Development and Functioning. Educational Psychologist, 28(2), 117-148.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York: WH Freeman, Times Books, Henry Holt & Co.

Bandura, A. (2005). Theories of Personality: Social Cognitive Theory. New York: TheMc Graw-Hill Companies.

Bills, D. B. (1998). Credentials and Capacities: Employers’ Perceptions of the Acquisition of Skills. The Sociological Quarterly, 29(3), 439-449.

Braverman, H. (2018). Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Cohen, J. (2013). Applied Multiple Regression or Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Science. Englewood Cliffs: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Cruzvergara, C., Y., Testani, J., & Smith, K. K. (2018). Leadership Competency Expectations of Employers and the Expanding Mission of Career Centers. New Directions for Student Leadership, 157, 27-37.

Doe, R. (2015). Work Readiness among Graduate Students. Disertasi tidak diterbitkan. Louisiana: Louisiana State University.

Draper, N. R., & Smith, H. (2016). Applied Regression Analysis. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Faizah, D. A., & Indrawati, A. (2017). Effect of Learning Achievement of the Eye of Productive Training, Prakerin Experience, and Interests in Student Readiness Entering the World of Work. Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Manajemen, 3(3), 179-191.

Fox, K. F. (2018). Leveraging a Leadership Development Framework for Career Readiness. New Directions for Student Leadership, 157, 13-26.

Gabric, D., & McFadden, K. (2001). Student and Employer Perceptions of Desirable Entry-Level Operations Management Skills. Mid-American Journal of Business, 16(1), 51-59.

Gist, M. E. (1987). Self-Efficacy: Implication for Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management. Academy of Management Review, 12, 472-485.

Grummon, T. H. (1997). Centerfocus Number 15: Assessing Students for Workplace Readiness. Berkeley, CA: Institute for Research on Teaching Adults. (Online), (http://ncrve.berkeley.edu/CenterFocus/cf15.html), diakses 24 Agustus 2019.

Gunawan, I. (2013). Statistika untuk Kependidikan Sekolah Dasar. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Gunawan, I. (2016). Pengantar Statistika Inferensial. Jakarat: Rajawali Pers.

Gunawan, I. (2017). Prestasi Belajar Mahasiswa Fungsionaris UKM KSR PMI Unit Universitas Negeri Malang. Ilmu Pendidikan: Jurnal Kajian Teori dan Praktik Kependidikan, 2(2), 171-177.

Gunawan, I. (2018). Kepemimpinan Pendidikan: Suatu Pengantar. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang, UM Press.

Gunawan, I. (2019). Develop Educational Leadership by Applying Values and Ethics to Strengthen Student Character. 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019). Atlantis Press.

Gunawan, I., Benty, D. D. N., Kusumaningrum, D. E., Sumarsono, R. B., Sari, D. N., Pratiwi, F. D., ... & Hui, L. K. (2019a). Validitas dan Reliabilitas Angket Keterampilan Manajerial Mahasiswa. JAMP: Jurnal Administrasi dan Manajemen Pendidikan, 2(4), 247-257.

Gunawan, I., Kusumaningrum, D. E., & Sumarsono, R. B. (2019b). Investigation of Principal Leadership Based on Pesantren: Descriptive Study about Implementation of Human Resources Empowerment Models Based on Soft System Methodology. The 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019). Atlantis Press.

Gunawan, I., Suminah, Murdiyah, S., Andriningrum, H., & Onenda, G. (2018a). Improving Student Learning Achievement through Behavior Modification Approach. 1st International Conference on Early Childhood and Primary Education (ECPE 2018). Atlantis Press.

Gunawan, I., Suminah, S., Murdiyah, S., Andriningrum, H., & Onenda, G. (2018b). Improving Student Learning Achievement through Behavior Modification Approach. 1st International Conference on Early Childhood and Primary Education (ECPE 2018). Atlantis Press.

Gunawan, I., Ulfatin, N., Sultoni, S., Sunandar, A., Kusumaningrum, D. E., & Triwiyanto, T. (2017a). Pendampingan Penerapan Strategi Pembelajaran Inovatif dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Abdimas Pedagogi: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, 1(1), 37-47.

Gunawan, I., Ulfatin, N., Sultoni, S., Sunandar, A., Kusumaningrum, D. E., & Triwiyanto, T. (2017b). Pendampingan Penerapan Strategi Pembelajaran Inovatif dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 di MIS Lowokwaru Kota Malang. Laporan pengabdian kepada masyarakat tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Malang.

Hadi, S., Gunawan, I., & Dalle, J. (2018). Statistika Inferensial: Teori dan Aplikasinya. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Hansen, S. L., & Hoag, B., A. (2018). Promoting Learning, Career Readiness, and Leadership in Student Employment. New Directions for Student Leadership, 157, 85-99.

Jaunarajs, I., & McGarry, E. (2018). Organizational Alignment to Promote Leadership Development for Career Readiness in College Settings. New Directions for Student Leadership, 157, 101-113.

Karim, & Hadi, S. (2007). Analisis Regresi Berganda dan Analisis Faktor. Banjarmasin: Program Studi Magister Manajemen Pendidikan Program Pascasarjana Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.

Kartono, K. (2010). Pemimpin dan Kepemimpinan. Jakarta: PT Rajawali Pers.

Katz, R. L. (2017). Skills of an Effective Administrator. Harvard: Harvard Business School Press.

Kholiq, A. (2011). Pengantar Manajemen. Semarang: Rafi Sarana Perkasa.

Komarraju, M., Musulkin, S., & Bhattacharya, G. (2010). Role of Student-Faculty Interactions Indeveloping College Students’ Academic Self-Concept, Motivation and Achievement. Journal of College Student Development, 51(3), 332-342.

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities, Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610.

Kusumaningrum, D. D. E., Ulfatin, N. N., Maisyaroh, M., Triwiyanto, T. T., & Gunawan, I. (2017). Community Participation in Improving Educational Quality. 2nd International Conference on Educational Management and Administration (CoEMA 2017). Atlantis Press.

Kusumaningrum, D. E., Gunawan, I., Sumarsono, R. B., & Triwiyanto, T. (2018). Panduan Pengelolaan Perpustakaan Sekolah Dasar. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang, UM Press.

Leveson, L. 2000. Disparities in Perceptions of Generic Skills: Academics and Employers. Industry and Higher Education, 14(3), 157-164.

Lundberg, C. A., & Schreiner, L. A. (2004). Quality and Frequency of Faculty-Student Interaction as Predictors of Learning: An Analysis by Student Race / Ethnicity. Journal of College Student Development, 45(5), 549-565.

Machida, M., & Schaubroeck, J. (2011). The Role of Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Leader Development. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 18(4), 459-468.

Makki, B. I., Javaid, M. U., & Bano, S. (2016). Level of Work Readiness Skills, Career Self-Efficacy and Career Exploration of Engineering Students. NFC-IEFR Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research, 4, 91-96.

Makki, B. I., Salleh, R., Memon, M. A., & Harun, H. (2015). The Relationship between Work Readiness Skills, Career Self-efficacy and Career Exploration among Engineering Graduates: A Proposed Framework. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 10(9), 1007-1011.

Mashigo, A. C. L. (2014). Factors Influencing Work Readiness of Graduates: An Exploratory Study. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University.

Mason, R. D., Lind, D. A., & Marchal, W. G. (1988). Statistics An Introduction. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers.

Mulyasa, E. (2004). Implementasi Kurikulum 2004: Panduan Pembelajaran KBK. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nurabadi, A., Gunawan, I., & Sari, Y. L. (2019a). The Application of Informal Supervision to Improve the Quality of Learning in Laboratory Schools. The 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019). Atlantis Press.

Nurabadi, A., Sucipto, S., & Gunawan, I. (2019b). Informal Supervision Model “Managing by Walking About” in Improving Quality of Learning. 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019). Atlantis Press.

Nurahman, D. O. (2017). Pengaruh Pelatihan Dasar Kepemimpinan terhadap Kesiapan Kerja di Balai Besar Pengembangan Latihan Kerja Semarang. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Semarang: Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Pambudi, B. A., & Gunawan, I. (2019). Instructional Leadership as an Effort to Increase Teacher Professionalism in the Industrial Revolution Era 4.0. The 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019). Atlantis Press.

Peck, A. (2018). Mapping Career‐Ready Skills Through Student Leadership Programs. New Directions for Student Leadership, 157, 71-83.

Prastiawan, A., Gunawan, I., Putra, A. P., Surahman, E., Dewantoro, D. A., ... & Nuraini, N. L. S. (2019). Office Management of Educational Institutions: Theories and Applications. 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019). Atlantis Press.

Putri, A. F., Andriningrum, H., Rofiah, S. K., & Gunawan, I. (2019). Teacher Function in Class: A Literature Review. 5th International Conference on Education and Technology (ICET 2019). Atlantis Press.

Riduwan, & Kuncoro, E. A. (2017). Cara Menggunakan dan Memaknai Analisis Jalur (Path Analysis). Bandung: Alfabeta.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2017). Organizational Behavior. New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Salladien. (1997). Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan. Malang: IKIP Malang.

Santoso, S. (2010). Buku Latihan SPSS Statistik Parametrik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Saputra, B. R., Adha, M. A., Ariyanti, N. S., & Gunawan, I. (2019). Tips for Principal in Managing One Roof School (SATAP) in Underdeveloped Area. The 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019). Atlantis Press.

Seemiller, C. (2018). Enhancing Leadership Competencies for Career Readiness. New Directions for Student Leadership, 157, 39-53.

Setiawan, I. G. A. N. (2008). Penerapan Pengajaran Kontekstual Berbasis Masalah untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Biologi Siswa Kelas X-2 SMA Laboratorium Singaraja. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pendidikan, 2(1), 42-59.

Setyadin, B. (2005b). Desain dan Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif. Modul IV disajikan dalam Penataran Tenaga Fungsional Akademik Politeknik Kotabaru, Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Negeri Malang, Kotabaru Kalimantan Selatan, 15 – 22 Februari 2005.

Setyadin, B. (bsyadin@yahoo.com). (30 Mei 2007). Analisis Jalur. e-mail kepada Imam Gunawan (masimamgun@yahoo.com).

Singarimbun, M., & Effendi, S. (1989). Metode Penelitian Survey. Jakarta: LP3S.

Sjukur, S. B. (2012). Pengaruh Blended Learning terhadap Motivasi Belajar dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Tingkat SMK. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 2(3), 368-378.

Sobri, A. Y., Bafadal, I., Nurabadi, A., & Gunawan, I. (2019). Validity and Reliability of Questionnaire Problematics Leadership Beginner School Principals. The 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019). Atlantis Press.

Soetopo, H. (2001). Hubungan Karakteristik Bawahan, Kontrol Situasi, Perilaku Kepemimpinan, Budaya Organisasi, dan Iklim Organisasi dengan Keefektifan Organisasi pada Universitas Swasta di Kotamadya Malang. Disertasi tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang.

Stiawan, Y. A. (2013). Hubungan Kecerdasan Emosi – Sosial terhadap Gaya dan Praktik Kepemimpinan Ketua Lembaga Kemahasiswaan Institut Pertanian Bogor. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Sudarmanto, R. G. (2005). Analisis Regresi Linear Ganda dengan SPSS. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Sudjana, N. (1998). Metode Statistika. Bandung: Tarsito.

Sultoni, Gunawan, I., & Rosalinda, T. N. (2018a). Pengaruh Pembentukan Tim dan Kepemimpinan Spiritual terhadap Motivasi Diri Mahasiswa. JMSP: Jurnal Manajemen dan Supervisi Pendidikan, 2(3), 210-216.

Sultoni, Gunawan, I., & Rosalinda, T. N. (2018b). Upaya Mahasiswa dalam Menyiapkan Diri Masuk ke Dunia Kerja: Suatu Kajian Deskriptif. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan, Tema: Mendidik Cerdas Generasi Digital, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Malang, 1(1), 143-148.

Sultoni, Gunawan, I., & Sari, D. N. (2019). Validity and Reliability of Character Education Internalization Instruments. The 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019). Atlantis Press.

Sumarsono, R. B., Kusumaningrum, D. E., Gunawan, I., Alfarina, M., Romady, M., Ariyanti, N. S., & Budiarti, E. M. (2019). Training on the Implementation of Cooperative Learning Models as an Effort to Improve Teacher’s Performance. The 4th International Conference on Education and Management (COEMA 2019). Atlantis Press.

Tamrat, W. (2019). Work-Ready Graduates Require Strong Partnerships, (Online), (https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/world-view/work-ready-graduates-require-strong-partnerships), diakses 2 November 2019.

Tentama, F., Merdiaty, N., & Subardjo. (2019). Self-Efficacy and Work Readiness among Vocational High School Students. Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn), 13(2), 277-281.

Thoha, M. (2014). Perilaku Organisasi: Konsep Dasar dan Aplikasinya. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Tschirgi, H. D. (1972). What do Recruiters Really Look for in Candidates? Journal of College Placement, 33, 75-79.

Tu’u, T. (2004). Peran Disiplin pada Perilaku dan Prestasi Siswa. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Winarsunu, T. (2012). Statistik dalam Penelitian Psikologi dan Pendidikan. Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.

Wiyono, B. B., & Sunarni. (2009). Evaluasi Program Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran. Malang: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Malang.

Yi-Li, J., Y., & Goh, L. L. (2011). The Role of Self-Efficacy on Job Readiness and Career Choice among People with Intellectual Disability in Singapore. Journal of the American Academy of Special Education Professionals, 93-11.

Yuliani, L., & Yuniarsih, T. (2019). Influence of Industrial Work Practices and Learning Achievements on Students Work Readiness. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Economics, Business, Entrepreneurship, and Finance (ICEBEF 2018), Atlantis Press, 65, 188-191.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um025v4i22020p126

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 JMSP (Jurnal Manajemen dan Supervisi Pendidikan)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Hasil gambar untuk logo zotero ukuran kecil

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats