Implementation of Convention on The Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Providing Legal Protection for Persons with Disabilities in Indonesia

Ni Putu Rai Yuliartini, Anak Agung Istri Atu Dewi, Ni Ketut Supasti Darmawan

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to analyze legal protection for persons with disabilities in Indonesia and the implementation of the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities in Indonesia. The approach used in this research was a qualitative approach with a descriptive analysis method. The type of research used normative juridical. Data collection techniques used literature study. The results of the study indicated that legal protection for persons with disabilities in Indonesia had been included in the constitution and several laws and regulations. The principles of equality and non-discrimination were contained in several instruments. The existence of special rights granted to persons with disabilities to be able to maintain their identity, characteristics, and traditions. Non-discriminatory treatment was equally important to achieve equal treatment. The implementation of the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities in Indonesia was evidenced by the ratification of Law Number 19 of 2011 concerning Ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Providing equal opportunities for persons with disabilities in all aspects of state and community administration, respecting, protecting, and fulfilling the rights of persons with disabilities, including the provision of adequate accessibility and accommodation aimed at protecting from neglect, exploitation, harassment, all discriminatory actions, and violations of human rights.


Keywords


persons with disabilities, legal protection, human rights

Full Text:

PDF

References


Awaliyah, S., et al. (2020). Enforcement of Illegal Fishing Laws that Was Done By Foreign Ships in The Indonesian Sea Region, Viewed from International Sea Law. International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, 9, 1164–1173

Basuki, U. (2012). Perlindungan HAM dalam Negara Hukum Indonesia: Studi Ratifikasi Konvensi Hak-hak Disabilitas (Convention on The Rights of Persons with Disabilities). Jurnal Sosio-Religia, 10(1), 17-34.

Fadhli, Y. G. (2014). Kedudukan Kelompok Minoritas dalam Perspektif HAM dan Perlindungan Hukumnya di Indonesia. Jurnal Konstitusi, 11(2), 353-370.

Gustomy, R. (2020). Pemahaman Komunitas Penyandang Disabilitas Muslim terhadap CRPD. Islamic Insights Journal, 2(1), 1-19.

Hardjanti, D. K. (2016). Kajian Yuridis Tentang penyandang Disabilitas. Perspektif Hukum, 16(1), 1-17.

Nursyamsi, F., et al. (2015). Kerangka Hukum Disabilitas di Indonesia: Menuju Indonesia Ramah Disabilitas. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Hukum dan Kebijakan Indonesia (PSHK).

Maftuhin, A. (2016). Mengikat Makna Diskriminasi: Penyandang Cacat, Difabel, dan Penyandang Disabilitas. INKLUSI: Journal of Disability Studies, 3(2), 139-162.

Mangku, D. G. S. (2020). Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Anak-Anak Disabilitas Terkait Hak Pendidikan di Kabupaten Buleleng. Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law Journal), 9(2), 353-365.

Mangku, D. G. S., & Yuliartini, N. P. R. (2019). Indonesia’s Role In Enabling Asean 2025 Masterplants To Promote And Protect Disability Rights In Asean. South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law, 18 (4), 1-6.

Mulyadi, M. (2007). Hukum Acara Pidana. Jakarta: Citra Aditya Bakti.

Prasetyo, F.A. (2014). Disabilitas Dan Isu Kesehatan : Antara Evolusi Konsep, Hak Asasi, Kompleksitas Masalah, dan Tantangan dalam Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan, Situasi Penyandang Disabilitas, Semester II. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Republik Indonesia. (1997). Undang Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 1997 Tentang Penyandang Cacat. Lembaran Negara Tahun 1997 Nomor 9. Tambahan Lembaran Negara Nomor 3670.

Republik Indonesia. (1999). Undang-Undang RI Nomor 39 Tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia. Lembaran Negara Tahun 1999 Nomor 165. Tambahan Lembaran Negara Nomor 3886.

Republik Indonesia. (2011). Undang-Undang Nomor 19 Tahun 2011 tentang Pengesahan Convention on the Right of Persons with Disabilities (Konvensi Mengenai HakHak Penyandang Disabilitas). Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2011 Nomor 107. Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 5251.

Republik Indonesia. (2015). Peraturan Presiden Nomor 75 Tahun 2015 tentang Rencana Aksi Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia (RAN HAM) Indonesia tahun 2015-2019. Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2015 Nomor 144.

Republik Indonesia. (2016). Undang Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penyandang Disabilitas. Lembaran Negara. Nomor 69. Tambahan Lembaran Negara. Nomor 5870. Ridlwan, Z. (2013). Perlindungan Hak Konstitusional Penyandang Disabilitas. Fiat Justicia Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Lampung, 7(2), 231-243.

Riyadi, E & Nurhidayat, S. (2012). Vulnerable Groups: Kajian dan Mekanisme Perlindungannya. Yogyakarta: Pusham UII.

Septiana, F. I., & Effendi, Z. R. (2020). Mewujudkan Akses Pendidikan Tinggi Bagi Penyandang Disabilitas. Inclusive: Journal of Special Education, 5(1), 11-18.

Soekanto, Soerjono. (2015). Pengantar Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: UI-Press.

Utami, W. K. (2019). Studi Perbandingan Perlindungan Hak Penyandang Disabilitas di Indonesia dan Wilayah Asia Tenggara. Jurnal Polinter: Kajian Politik dan Hubungan Internasional, 4(2), 36-47.

Widinarsih, D. (2019). Penyandang Disabilitas di Indonesia: Perkembangan Istilah dan Definisi. Journal of Social Welfare, 20(2), 127-142.

Walukow, J. M. (2013). Perwujudan Prinsip Equality Before the Law Bagi Narapidana di dalam Lembaga Pemasyarakatan di Indonesia. Lex et Societatis, 1(1), 1-12.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um019v6i1p129-137

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

  

View My Stats