Control of Air Pressurizer Levels on Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) with Fractional Order PID Control System

Rissa Damayanti, Abdul Halim, Syaiful Bakhri

Abstract


The water level control system in the pressurizer is carried out for safety purposes when the PWR reactor is operating. Control is done by maintaining the water level in the pressurizer at a certain level. The height of the water level in the pressurizer will change according to the conditions of the nuclear reactor. This research aimed to obtain the best safety control system using the fractional order PID (FOPID) control system and prove that using the control system will provide better results than other existing system applications. In this research, the optimum gain control of FOPID is obtained with Kp equals 416.4, Ki equals 416.4, Kd equals 104.1, constitutes integral equals 0.15, and derivative order equals 1.9, which results in 324 times faster settling time and maximum overshoot 1.5 times lower when compared to conventional PID controllers combined with CMAC.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um024v5i22020p071


Keywords


Pressurizer; PWR; Proportional integral derivative (PID); FOPID.

Full Text:

PDF

References


G. D. Zhang, X. H. Yang, X. L. Ye, H. Xu, D. Q. Lu, and W. Chen, “Research on pressurizer water level control of pressurized water reactor nuclear power station,” Energy Procedia, vol. 16, Part B, pp. 849–855, 2012.

J. Yi, J. Ye, Y. Xue, X. Yang, and H. Qian, “Research on pressurizer water level control of nuclear reactor based on CMAC and PID controller,” in 2009 Int. Conf. Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence, vol. 3, 2009, pp. 8–11.

M. V. de-Oliveira and J. C. S. de-Almeida, “Application of artificial intelligence techniques in modeling and control of a nuclear power plant pressurizer system,” Prog. Nuclear Energy, vol. 63, pp. 71–85, 2013.

Y. C. Wang, S. J. Wang, C. S. Chien, and S. C. Chiangb, “Analysis of pressurizer level control system using MAAP4 code,” Nuclear Eng. Des., vol. 240, no. 1, pp. 160–165, 2010.

C. L. Yu, T. C. Wang, and C. Y. Liu, “Numerical investigation on the influence of the type of PI controller combined with MAAP code on the steady-state performance of a nuclear power plant,” Nuclear Eng. Des., vol. 343, pp. 248–256, 2019.

R. Maerani and S. Bakhri, “Perbandingan sistem pengontrolan PID konvensional dengan pengontrolan CMAC, fuzzy logic, dan ANN pada water level pressurizer,” SIGMA EPSILON-Buletin Ilmiah Teknologi Keselamatan Reaktor Nuklir, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 129–141, 2013.

Y. Oka and K. Suzuki, Nuclear Reactor Kinetics and Plant Control. Tokyo: Springer, 2013.

W. Zhou and X. Zhang, “The preliminary research of pressure control system danymic simulation for Ap1000 pressurizer based on parameter adaptive fuzzy PID control algorithm,” in Electr. Eng. Control, Heidelberg, Germany, 2011, pp. 583–591.

J. H. Ye, J. H. Yi, and H. Y. Ji, “Research on pressurizer water level control of nuclear reactor based on RBF neural network and PID controller,” in 2010 Int. Conf. Mach. Learn. Cybern., vol. 3, 2010, pp. 1486–1489.

M. Ali, “Pembelajaran perancangan sistem kontrol PID dengan Software MATLAB,” J. Edukasi@Elektro, vol. 1, no. 1, , pp. 1–8, 2004.

K. Ogata and Y. Yang, Modern Control Engineering, 5th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2010.

D. Xue, Y. Q. Chen, and D. P. Atherton, Linear Feedback Control Analysis and Design with MATLAB. Philadephia: SIAM, 2007.

S. Bakhri, “Investigasi pengendalian level permukaan air pressurizer di PWR berbasis kendali proportional integral,” J. Teknol. Reaktor Nuklir Tri Dasa Mega, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 149–159, 2014.

A. A. Dastjerdi, N. Saikumar, and S. H. H. Nia, “Tuning guidelines for fractional order PID controllers: rules of thumb,” Mechatron., vol. 56, pp. 26–36, 2018.

A. A. Dastjerdi, B. M. Vinagre, Y. Chen, and S. H. H. Nia, “Linear fractional order controllers; A survey in the frequency domain,” Ann. Rev. Control, vol. 47, pp. 51–70, 2019.

V. Shekher, P. Rai, and O. Prakash, “Tuning and analysis of fractional order PID controller,” Int. J. Electron. Electr. Eng., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 11–21, 2012.

B. Özkan, “Control of an electromechanical control actuation system using a fractional order proportional, integral, and derivative-type controller,” IFAC Proc., vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 4493–4498, 2014.

D. Valerio and J. S. D. Costa, “Tuning of fractional PID controllers with Ziegler–Nichols-type rules,” Signal Process., vol. 86, no. 10, pp. 2771–2784, 2006.

P. Wang, J. He, X. Wei, and F. Zhao, “Mathematical modeling of a pressurizer in a pressurized water reactor for control design,” Appl. Math. Model., vol. 65, pp.187–206, 2019.

P. Wang, J. Wan, S. Wu, and F. Zhao, “A fuzzy-logic-based pressure setpoint modification method for pressurized water reactor pressurizers,” Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 135, p. 106954, 2020.




Copyright (c) 2020 Rissa Damayanti, Abdul Halim, Syaiful Bakhri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.