PENGEMBANGAN KAPASITAS MASYARAKAT PARTISIPATIF: STUDI IMPLEMENTASI PROGRAM SAEMAUL UNDONG DI KABUPATEN GUNUNG KIDUL DIY

Dewi Cahyani Puspitasari, Rina Satriani, Sri Bintang Pmungkas

Abstract


Saemaul Undong program implementation in DI Yogyakarta province is the result of sister province cooperation between government of DI Yogyakarta which represented by the Agency of Women and Community Empowerment and Gyeongsangbuk-do province, South Korea which represented by Saemaul Global Foundation (SGF). The focus of program are farming and women empowerment where Bleberan village, Gunung Kidul regency as one of implementation area. The aim of research are, first, to learn the condition, potency, and the challenge of Saemaul Undong program implementation; second, to learn the participation process and the strategy chance of community empowerment. The method of research is qualitative evaluation by elaborating survey, literature review, interview, and focus group discussion. Qualitative analyse is done making deep description and survey analyse is matching the characteristic of result. The result showed that Saemaul Undong program implementation Bleberan village has good response and can bridging the relation between government and community in village farming development. Besides that, Saemaul Undong program also improved the spirit of self-quality development through sharing experience and knowledge. The consequents are persuasion process to make others people interest to this program quite hard. The strategy of capacity building of organization, access improvement, and infrastructure development, strengthening system capacity, improvement of skill and income is a form of collaboration and result of cooperation inter sector between village government and Saemaul Undong Global Foundation.

 

Keywords: Saemaul Undong, Capacity, Participation, Strategy, Collaboration

 


Keywords


Saemaul Undong; Capacity; Participation; Strategy; Collaboration

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adamson, D. and R. Bromiley.(2008). Community Empowerment in Practice: Lessons from Communities First, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York

Chaskin, Robert J, Prudence Brown, Sudhir Venlzatesh Avis Vidal. 2000. Building Community Capacity, Aldine de Gruyter, New York: Walter De Gruyter, Inc.

Chong Sik, L.(2012). From Poverty to Power. California: KHU Press

Creswell, John W.(2010). Research Design Pendekatan Kualitatif,Kuantitatif, dan Mixed, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Dumasari.(2014).Dinamika Pengembangan Masyarakat Partisipatif.Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Fahrudin, A. 2012. Pengantar Kesejahteraan Sosial. Bandung: PT. Refika Aditama.

Grindle, M.S.(editor).(1997).Getting Good Government: Capacity Building in the Public Sector of Developing Countries, Boston, MA: HArvard Institue for International Development

Grehenson.(2014). UGM, DIY, dan Gyeongsangbuk-do Jalin Kerja Sama. Online. https://ugm.ac.id/id/berita/9435-ugm.diy.dan.gyeongsangbuk-do.jalin.kerja.sama. Diakses pada 25 Oktober 2018.

Hyun, H.D.(2012). 2011 Modularization of Korea’s Development Experience: The Succesful Cases of the Korea’s Saemaul Undong (New Community Movement). Seoul: Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Republic of Korea.

January, Casswell, S.(2001). “Community Capacity Building and Social Policy: What Can be Achieved?”, Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, Issue 17, December, pp. 22-35.

Joon Kyung, K dan Kim, K.(2013). Why the Saemaul Undong is Important to Understanding Korea’s Social and Economic Transformation. Seoul: Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Republic of Korea.

Jwa, Sunghee.(2018).Understanding Korea’s Saemaul Undong: Theory, Evidence, and Implication. Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol. 31, No. 2.

Mardikanto, Totok dan Soebiato, Poerwoko.(2015).Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Dalam Perspektif Kebijakan Publik. Bandung: Penerbit Alfabeta.

Morrison, Terrence.(2001). Actionable Learning - A Handbook for Capacity Building through Case Based Learning, ADB Institute

Mutrofin.(2010).Evaluasi Program: Teks Pilihan untuk Pemula.Yogyakarta: Laksbang PRESSindo.

Phillips, R, dan Pittman, R.(2009).An Introduction to Community Development. London: Reutledge

Puspitasari, Dewi Cahyani, Odam A.Artosa, Akhmad Faqihuddin dan Sri Rejeki.(2017).Kelembagaan BUMDES : Peluang dan Tantangan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Desa. Proceeding International Seminar: Rural Community Empowerment Based On Trisakti and Saemaul Undong.Yogyakarta: Pusat Studi Trisakti-Saemaul Undong (PSTS), Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Rahayu, Amy.(2015).Manajemen Perubahan dan Inovasi.Jakarta:UI Press.

Rezaldi, Pramadha.(2018).Improving Community Participation in Rural Community Development Program.Thesis. South Korea. Yeungnam University.

Radyati, Maria.(2008). CSR untuk Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Lokal. Jakarta: Indonesia Business Links.

Seung Woo, Park dan Choi Oe-chool.(2016). A Basic Understanding of Saemaul Undong: Korea’s New Village Movement and Community Development Policy Programs in the 1970’s.Korea.

Yang, YungJeong.(2017). Saemaul Undong Revisited: A Case of State-Society Dynamics in Social Capital Mobilisation, Focusing on the Role of Local Leaders in South Korea of the 1970s. Journal of International Development, Vol. 29, pp. 993-1010

YGSI.(2016). Laporan Berkala Pembentukan Desa Percontohan Saemaul Bulan Desember 2015-Februari 2016. Yogyakarta: Saemaul Globalization Foundation Indonesia Office.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um021v4i1p1-13

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Dewi Cahyani Puspitasari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office:
Sociology Program, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Malang
Semarang St. No. 5 Building I3-101 65145.
Phone. (0341) 551312. line. 375, 376 (20)
Homepage: http://journal2.um.ac.id/index.php/jsph/index
email: jsphum@yahoo.co.id

ISSN 2502-7875 (printed)
ISSN 2527-5879 (online)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.