ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 PADA USIA PRODUKTIF DENGAN PENDEKATAN WHO STEPWISE STEP 1 (CORE/INTI) DI PUSKESMAS KENDALKEREP KOTA MALANG

Ayu Nindhi Kistianita, Moch. Yunus, Rara Warih Gayatri

Abstract


ABSTRACT : Based on data from IDF globally the number of DM sufferers by 2015 is 415 million people and is expectedly by 2040 to increase to 642 million people. DM Type 2 is one of the four major diseases in the category of non-communicable disease (NCDs) that should be addressed immediately. The incidence of DM type 2 is closely related to the number of age. The purpose of this study was to determine risk factor of DM type 2 at productive age  using WHO STEPwise STEP 1 (core) approach at Primary Health Care Kendalkerep Malang City. The type of this research is descriptive analytic with cross sectional study design. The sample size is 88 people at Public Health Center of Primary Health Care Kendalkerep in 1-28 February 2017 which has fulfilled the criteria inclusion, obtained by Quota Sampling. The instrument used is questionnaires WHO STEPwise STEP 1 (core). Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate analysis using chi square test. The results showed a significant correlation between DM type 2 occurrence with history of DM (p = 0.000), fruit and vegetable consumption (p = 0.000), and physical activity (p = 0.000).
Keyword : risk factor, DM type  2, STEPwise STEP 1 (core)

ABSTRAK : Berdasarkan data dari IDF secara global, jumlah penderita Diabetes Mellitus (DM)  pada tahun 2015 sebanyak 415 juta orang dan diperkirakan pada tahun 2040 akan meningkat menjadi 642 juta orang. DM tipe 2 merupakan satu dari empat penyakit utama dalam kategori Non-Communicable Disease (NCDs) yang harus segera ditangani. Kejadian DM tipe 2 berkaitan erat dengan pertambahan umur seseorang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko DM tipe 2 pada usia produktif menggunakan pendekatan WHO STEPwise STEP 1 (core/inti)  di Puskesmas Kendalkerep Kota Malang. Jenis penelitian adalah deskriptif analitik dengan desain studi cross sectional. Besar sampel berjumlah 88 orang di Poli Umum Puskesmas Kendalkerep pada tanggal 1-28 Februari 2017 yang telah memenuhi kriteria inklusi, diperoleh dengan cara Quota Sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan yaitu kuesioner WHO STEPwise STEP 1 (core/inti). Data dianalisis dengan analisis univariat dan bivariat menggunakan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara kejadian DM tipe 2 dengan riwayat DM (p = 0,000), konsumsi buah dan sayur (p = 0,000), dan aktivitas fisik (p = 0,000).
Kata Kunci : faktor risiko, DM tipe 2, STEPwise STEP 1 (core/inti)

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Jurnal Preventia, ISSN :2528-3006 (online), ISSN : 2528-2999 (print)
email : jurnalpreventia@um.ac.id

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