Efforts to Increase Work Productivity through Job Training Programs Towards the Indonesian Demographic Dividend Period

Ramadini Erlita Yamin, R. M. Sugandi, Didik Nurhadi


Indonesia is predicted to experience demographic dividend from 2020 to 2030, which means that the population of productive age will be greater than the population of non-productive age, so Indonesia needs to prepare quality human resources to optimize opportunities for demographic dividend. The writing of this article aims to analyze the things that must be done by Indonesia in optimizing human resources development to face the era of demographic dividend. The research method used is descriptive qualitative. The results of this study indicate that Indonesia needs to improve and strengthen the education system to create superior human resources. Human resources development can be a solution to create superior human resources who are ready to face the era of demographic dividend, so that Indonesia can maximize opportunities to improve and strengthen the country's economy.


Increase work productivity; job training programs; demographic dividend

Full Text:



Ahmad, S., & Schroeder, R. G. (2003). The impact of human resource management practices on operational performance: recognizing country and industry differences. Journal of operations Management, 21(1), 19-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-6963(02)00056-6

Ariff, N., Mansor, M., & Yusof, H. (2017). Preparing pre-service teacher in professionalism practice. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(2), 749-756.

Ariteja, S. (2017). Demographic Bonus for Indonesia: Challenges and Policy Implications of Promoting Universal Health Coverage. Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning, 1(3), 265-274.

Baswedan, A. R. (2014). Gawat Darurat Pendidikan di Indonesia. The Emergency of Indonesian Education. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Blaga, P., & Jozsef, B. (2014). Increasing human resource efficiency in the production process. Procedia Technology, 12, 469-475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protcy.2013.12.516

Dessler, G. (2016). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta: PT. Index.

Dewi, S., Listyowati, D., & Napitupulu, B. E. (2018). Bonus Demografi Di Indonesia: Suatu Anugerah Atau Petaka. Journal of Information System, Applied, Management, Accounting, and Research, 2(3), 17-23.

Durr-e-Nayab. (2008). Demographic Dividend or Demographic Threat in Pakistan?. The Pakistan Development Review, 1-26.

Ellitan, L. (2020). Competing in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0 and Society 5.0. Jurnal Maksipreneur: Manajemen, Koperasi, dan Entrepreneurship, 10(1), 1-12.

Fahmi, I. (2016). Pengantar Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia Konsep dan Kinerja. Jakarta: Mitra Wacana Media.

Glewwe, P., Maiga, E., & Zheng, H. (2014). The contribution of education to economic growth: A review of the evidence, with special attention and an application to Sub-Saharan Africa. World Development, 59, 379-393.

Heryanah. (2015). Ageing population dan bonus demografi kedua di Indonesia. Populasi, 23(2), 1-16.

McDonald, P. (2014). The demography of Indonesia in comparative perspective. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 50(1), 29-52.

Ministry of Education and Culture. (2017). Peta Jalan Generasi Emas Indonesia 2045. Jakarta: Kemendibud.

Nagarajan, N. R., Teixeira, A. A., & Silva, S. T. (2016). The impact of an ageing population on economic growth: an exploratory review of the main mechanisms. Análise Social, 4-35.

Rimbawan, N. D. (2014). Bali Diproyeksikan Mengalami Bonus Demografi Puncak 2020-2030: Peluang atau Bencana. Piramida Jurnal Kependudukan dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia, 10(1), 37-44.

Sedarmayanti. (2016). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia, Reformasi Birokrasi dan Manajemen Pegawai Negri Sipil. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Setiawan, Y., & Yuniarsih, T. (2018). Leaderships strategic and employee performance. The International Journal of Business Review (the JOBS Review), 1(1), 63-72.

Silva, J. (2020). Impact of public and private sector external debt on economic growth: the case of Portugal. Eurasian Economic Review, 10(4), 607-634.

Sima, V., Gheorghe, I. G., Subić, J., & Nancu, D. (2020). Influences of the industry 4.0 revolution on the human capital development and consumer behavior: A systematic review. Sustainability, 12(10), 4035. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104035

Tayibnapis, A. Z., Wuryaningsih, L. E., & Gora, R. (2018). Indonesia's Efforts to Achieve Globally Competitive Human Resources. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention (IJHSSI), 7(8), 01-06.

Tung, R. L. (2016). Opportunities and challenges ahead of China's “New Normal”. Long Range Planning, 49(5), 632-640.

Vardarlıer, P. (2016). Strategic approach to human resources management during crisis. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 235, 463-472.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um031v44i12021p49-56


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Teknologi dan Kejuruan: Jurnal Teknologi, Kejuruan, dan Pengajarannya

Teknologi dan Kejuruan: Jurnal Teknologi, Kejuruan, dan Pengajarannya
E-ISSN 2477-0442 (online)

Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)
Jl. Semarang No 5 Malang 65145, Building H5,  1st  Floor. 

Homepage: http://journal2.um.ac.id/index.php/teknologi-kejuruan
Email: teknologikejuruan.ft@um.ac.id 

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.     





View My Stats