Aleda Mawene


The study aims to describe the type, meaning, function, and strategy of the mythology of  Amungme,  an  ethnic  group  in  Papua.  The  study is  based  on an assumption that the underlying concept of the Amungme mythology is the source of its conflict. The research design was based on the hermeneutics model of Schleiermacher, Dilthey, dan Richoeur. The study used quotations from the tales of the Amungme’s myth, attitudes of the Amungme people, statements from the resource persons of the Waa valley, and some written documents as the sources of data. Hermeneutical circle model was used to analyze the data. The result of the study shows that (1) the Amungme myth text contains human endogeonic, cosmogonic, eschatoic, languagenic, and animagenic types; (2) the three represented relations in the Amungme myth text are human-God, human-human, and human-nature relationships; (3) the myth has mystical, cosmological, sociological, and pedagogical function; (4) the legacy is passed on to the following generations based on the normative principles of the “three-generation speaking pattern”. The findings inform policy makers in development, ecology, and eduation in Papua, especially in the district of Amungsa.

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