Urgency of Resilience and Optimism in Improving Students’ Mental Health

Retno Mangestuti, Yulia Sholichatun, Rahmat Aziz, Esa Nur Wahyuni


Abstract: Mental health study has become an intriguing and vital carried out by various experts according to their scientific discipline. This study aims to test the role of optimism as a mediator for the relationship of resilience with students’ mental health. The subjects were 320 students in four state Islamic colleges in East Java, Indonesia. Data obtained through the mental health scale, resilience scale, and optimism scale. Data were analyzed using regression analysis techniques. The analysis shows that the resilience has direct effects of 1.398 (p bigger than 0.01) and indirect effects of 0.312 (p bigger than 0.01) through optimism on students’ mental health. The implication of this result is the importance of resilience and optimism aspects to be considered in developing students’ mental health. Resilience will be more effective if the individual has a high level of optimism. Thus, to develop students’ mental health, these two abilities needed to be accelerated.

Abstrak: Kesehatan mental menjadi suatu kajian yang menarik dan penting sehingga banyak dilakukan oleh berbagai ahli sesuai dengan disiplin keilmuannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji peran optimisme sebagai mediator pada hubungan antara resiliensi dan kesehatan mental. Subjek penelitian sebanyak 320 mahasiswa yang diambil secara acak dengan mempertimbangkan komposisi jumlah di empat Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri yang ada di Jawa Timur, Indonesia. Data diperoleh melalui skala kesehatan mental, skala resiliensi, dan skala optimisme. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan teknik analisis regresi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa resiliensi berpengaruh secara langsung sebesar 1,398 (p lebih besar dari 0,01) dan tidak langsung sebesar 0,312 (p lebih besar dari 0,01) melalui optimisme terhadap kesehatan mental mahasiswa. Implikasi dari hasil penelitian ini adalah pentingnya aspek resiliensi, dan optimisme untuk diperhatikan dalam upaya pengembangan kesehatan mental mahasiswa. Resiliensi akan lebih efektif berpengaruh jika individu memiliki tingkat optimisme yang tinggi, sehingga untuk mengembangkan kesehatan mental pada mahasiswa perlu mengembangkan dua kemampuan tersebut.


mental health; resilience; optimism; kesehatan mental; resiliensi; optimisme

Full Text:



Barbosa, G. (2020). Psychotherapy in one Approach of Resilience (PAR). Pratiques Basées Sur La Résilience, 115.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182.

Bartels, M. (2015). Genetics of wellbeing and its components satisfaction with life, happiness, and quality of life: A review and meta-analysis of heritability studies. Behavior Genetics, 45(2), 137–156. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10519-015-9713-y

Beadel, J. R., Mathews, A., & Teachman, B. A. (2016). Cognitive bias modification to enhance resilience to a panic challenge. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 40(6), 799–812.

Bressler, L. A., Bressler, M. E., & Bressler, M. S. (2010). The role and relationship of hope, optimism and goal setting in achieving academic success: A study of students enrolled in online accounting courses. Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 14(4), 38–51.

Brodhagen, A., & Wise, D. (2008). Optimism as a mediator between the experience of child abuse, other traumatic events, and distress. Journal of Family Violence, 23(6), 403–411. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-008-9165-8

Calandri, E., Graziano, F., Borghi, M., & Bonino, S. (2018). Depression, positive and negative affect, optimism and health-related quality of life in recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis patients: The role of identity, sense of coherence, and self-efficacy. Journal of Happiness Studies, 19(1), 277-295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-016-9818-x

Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Segerstrom, S. C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical psychology review, 30(7), 879–889.

Cheadle, A. C., & Schetter, C. D. (2018). Mastery, self-esteem, and optimism mediate the link between religiousness and spirituality and postpartum depression. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 41(5), 711-721. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-018-9941-8

Cowie, H., Boardman, C., Dawkins, J., & Jennifer, D. (2004). Emotional health and well-being: A Practical guide for schools. SAGE Publications.

Fellinger, J., Holzinger, D., Dobner, U., Gerich, J., Lehner, R., Lenz, G., & Goldberg, D. (2005). Mental distress and quality of life in a deaf population. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 40(9), 737–742. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-005-0936-8

Golby, J., & Wood, P. (2016). The effects of psychological skills training on mental toughness and psychological well-being of student-athletes. Psychology, 7(06), 901–913.

Goldberg, D. P., & Hillier, V. F. (1979). A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire. Psychological Medicine, 9(1), 139–145. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700021644

Gómez- Molinero, R., Zayas, A., Ruíz-González, P., & Guil, R. (2018). Optimism and resilience among university students. International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology. Revista INFAD de Psicología., 1(1), 147–153. https://doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep.2018.n1.v1.1179

Hicks, T., & Heastie, S. (2008). High school to college transition: A profile of the stressors, physical and psychological health issues that affect the first-year on-campus college student. Faculty Working Papers from the School of Education, 14, 1–6.

Hidayati, R., Hidayah, N., Ramli, M., Hambali, I., & Triyono, T. (2020). Efektifitas cognitive behaviour therapy di sekolah: Meta analisis review. Biblio Couns: Jurnal Kajian Konseling dan Pendidikan, 3(1), 31–40.

Jiang, F., Yue, X., Lu, S., Yu, G., & Zhu, F. (2016). How belief in a just world benefits mental health: The effects of optimism and gratitude. Social Indicators Research, 126(1), 411–423. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-015-0877-x

Kihc, C., Rezaki, M., Rezaki, B., Kaplan, I., Ozgen, G., Sagduyu, A., & Ozturk, M. O. (1997). General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12 & GHQ28): Psychometric properties and factor structure of the scales in a Turkish primary care sample. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 32(6), 327–331. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00805437

Kiling, I. Y., Manafe, Y. M., & Bunga, B. N. (2019). Optimisme disposisional dan pengukurannya pada orang usia lanjut. Journal of Health and Behavioral Science, 1(1), 1–12.

Kirkcaldy, B. (Ed.). (2015). Promoting Psychological Well-being in Children and Families. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137479969

Klohnen, E. C. (1996). Conceptual analysis and measurement of the construct of ego-resiliency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(5), 1067–1079.

Krypel, M. N., & Henderson-King, D. (2010). Stress, coping styles, and optimism: Are they related to meaning of education in students’ lives? Social Psychology of Education, 13(3), 409–424. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-010-9132-0

Marchand, A., Durand, P., Haines, V., & Harvey, S. (2015). The multilevel determinants of workers’ mental health: Results from the SALVEO study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(3), 445–459. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-014-0932-y

Miller-Perrin, C., & Krumrei Mancuso, E. (2015). Faith from a positive psychology perspective. Springer Netherlands. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-94-017-9436-7

Naeem, F., Irfan, M., & Javed, A. (2020). Coping with Covid-19: urgent need for building resilience through cognitive behaviour therapy. Khyber Medical University Journal, 12(1), 1–3.

Primasari, I., & Hidayat, R. (2016). General Health Qquestionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) sebagai Instrumen Skrinning Gangguan Penyesuaian. Jurnal Psikologi, 43(2), 121–134.

Rees, C. S., Breen, L. J., Cusack, L., & Hegney, D. (2015). Understanding individual resilience in the workplace: The international collaboration of workforce resilience model. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 73. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00073

Remirez, M. E. (2007). Resilience: A concept analysis. Nursing Forum, 42(2), 122–135. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2007.00070.x

Rutter, M. (2007). Resilience, competence, and coping. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31(3), 205–209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2007.02.001

Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(6), 1063.

Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (2001). Optimism, pessimism, and psychological well-being. Optimism and Pessimism: Implications for Theory, Research, and Practice, 1, 189–216.

Snyder, C. R., & Lopez, S. J. (Eds.). (2002). Handbook of positive psychology. Oxford University Press.

Souri, H., & Hasanirad, T. (2011). Relationship between resilience, optimism and psychological well-being in students of medicine. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 1541–1544.

Steptoe, A., O’Donnell, K., Marmot, M., & Wardle, J. (2008). Positive affect and psychosocial processes related to health. British Journal of Psychology, 99(2), 211–227. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.2008.tb00474.x

Tiliouine, H., & Estes, R. J. (Eds.). (2016). The state of social progress of Islamic societies. Springer International Publishing. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-24774-8

Tix, A. P., Johnson, M. E., Dik, B. J., & Steger, M. F. (2013). Religious commitment and subjective well-being across Christian traditions. Journal of Psychology & Christianity, 32(1), 20–29.

Tusaie, K., & Dyer, J. (2004). Resilience: A historical review of the construct. Holistic Nursing Practice, 18(1), 3–10. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004650-200401000-00002

Veit, C. T., & Ware, J. E. (1983). The structure of psychological distress and well-being in general populations. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51(5), 730–742.

Wahyuni, E. N. (2012). Keefektifan pendekatan cognitive behavior modification untuk meningkatkan kemampuan mengelola marah bagi remaja [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Universitas Negeri Malang

Wahyuni, E. N. (2017). Mengelola stres dengan pendekatan cognitive behavior modification (studi eksperimen pada mahasiswa baru pendidikan agama islam (PAI) Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah & Keguruan UIN Maliki Malang). Tadrib, 3(1), 98–117.

Zautra, A. J., Johnson, L. M., & Davis, M. C. (2005). Positive affect as a source of resilience for women in chronic pain. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(2), 212–220. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.73.2.212

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v5i42020p154


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Retno Mangestuti, Yulia Sholichatun, Rahmat Aziz, Esa Nur Wahyuni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling
ISSN 2503-3417 (online), ISSN 2548-4311 (print)
Email: jkbk.fip@um.ac.id

Find Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling on:


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

  View Visitor Stats