The College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES); An Indonesian Validation to Measure the Self-Efficacy of Students

Ifdil Ifdil, Khairul Bariyyah, Ari Khusuma Dewi, Itsar Bolo Rangka


Abstract: This study examines the inventory properties of the Indonesian version of The College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES) which is originally Western, and was developed by Owen, S. V., & Froman, R. D. in 1988 to determine the level of student self-efficacy. The multi-stage random sampling method was used with 342 students as participants in Indonesia. Furthermore, the validity was analyzed using Cronbach’s alpha item analysis that shows the coefficient of α > .3, and the data showed that 33 items of Indonesian CASES were valid. In addition, as regards reliability, Cronbach’s alpha was also used for the analysis, and the result shows that reliability coefficient of the Indonesian version of CASES was .931. Furthermore, it was concluded that the validity of CASES was satisfying to measure students’ self-efficacy, and the construct of Indonesian CASES can be helpful and applicable in understanding student self-efficacy and ready to be used in subsequent researches.

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan validasi CASES versi bahasa Indonesia yang awalnya berasal dari barat, inventori ini dikembangkan oleh Owen, S. V., & Froman, R. D. pada tahun 1988 untuk mengukur tingkat efikasi diri siswa. Metode pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah multi-stage random sampling dengan 342 siswa di Indonesia. Selanjutnya, validitas dianalisis menggunakan analisis butir Alpha Cronbach yang menunjukkan koefisien α > 0,3, dan data menunjukkan bahwa 33 butir CASES versi Bahasa Indonesia valid. Selain itu, dalam analisis reliabilitas, Alpha Cronbach juga digunakan, dan hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa koefisien reliabilitas CASES versi Bahasa Indonesia adalah 0,931. Dengan demikian, disimpulkan bahwa CASES valid dan reliabel dalam mengukur efikasi diri siswa, dan konstruk CASES versi Bahasa Indonesia dapat diaplikasikan dalam mengukur efikasi diri siswa serta siap digunakan dalam penelitian selanjutnya.


self-efficacy scale; self-efficacy; student; Indonesian CASES; skala efikasi diri; efikasi diri; murid; CASES versi bahasa Indonesia

Full Text:



Al Mutir, A. (2015). Student Choice in Continuing to Study high School Science.

Alavi, A., Zargham-Boroujeni, A., Yousefy, A., & Bahrami, M. (2017). Altruism, The Values Dimension of Caring Self-Efficacy Concept in Iranian Pediatric Nurses. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 6.

Axford, K. M. (2007). Attachment, Affect Regulation, and Resilience in Undergraduate Students. Walden University.

Azwar, S. (2014). Penyusunan Skala Psikologi Edisi II. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. Bandura, A. (1995). Self-Efficacy in Changing Societies. Cambridge University Press. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. Macmillan.

Bariyyah, K. (2015). The Effectiveness of Peer-Helping to Reduce Academic-Stress of Students. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 14(4), 176–181.

Brislin, R. W. (1980). Translation and Content Analysis of Oral and Written Materials. Methodology, 389–444.

Brouwer, S., Reneman, M. F., Bültmann, U., Van der Klink, J. J. L., & Groothoff, J. W. (2010). A Prospective Study of Return to Work Across Health Conditions: Perceived Work Attitude, Self-Efficacy and Perceived Social Support. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 20(1), 104–112.

Canino, G., & Bravo, M. (1999). The Translation and Adaptation of Diagnostic Instruments for Cross-Cultural Use. In Shaffer, D., Lucas, C. P., & Richters, J. E. (Eds.), Diagnostic Assessment in Child and Adolescent Psychopathology (pp. 285–298). New York: Guilford Press.

Chan, F., & Thomas, K. R. (2015). Counseling Theories and Techniques for Rehabilitation and Mental Health Professionals. Springer Publishing Company.

Clifford, M., Menon, R., Gangi, T., Condon, C., & Hornung, K. (2012). Measuring School Climate for Gauging Principal Performance: A Review of the Validity and Reliability of Publicly Accessible Measures. A Quality School Leadership Issue Brief. American Institutes for Research.

Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient Alpha and The Internal Structure of Tests. Psychometrika, 16(3), 297–334.

Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Larson, R. (2014). Validity and Reliability of The Experience-Sampling Method. In Flow and The Foundations of Positive Psychology (pp. 35–54). Springer.

Datu, J. A. D., Yuen, M., & Chen, G. (2017). Grit and Determination: A Review of Literature with Implications for Theory and Research. Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools, 27(2), 168–176.

Downes, P. E., Kristof-Brown, A. L., Judge, T. A., & Darnold, T. C. (2017). Motivational Mechanisms of Self-Concordance Theory: Goal-Specific Efficacy and Person–Organization Fit. Journal of Business and Psychology, 32(2), 197–215.

Fan, W., & Williams, C. M. (2010). The Effects of Parental Involvement on Students’ Academic Self‐Efficacy, Engagement and Intrinsic Motivation. Educational Psychology, 30(1), 53–74.

Geisinger, K. F. (1994). Cross-Cultural Normative Assessment: Translation and Adaptation Issues Influencing the Normative Interpretation of Assessment Instruments. Psychological Assessment, 6(4), 304.

Gordon, V. N., & Steele, G. E. (2015). The Undecided College Student: An Academic and Career Advising Challenge. Charles C Thomas Publisher.

Hambleton, R. K., Merenda, P. F., & Spielberger, C. D. (2004). Adapting Educational and Psychological Tests for Cross-Cultural Assessment. Psychology Press.

Jiang, Z. (2016). Emotional Intelligence and Career Decision‐Making Self‐Efficacy: Mediating Roles of Goal Commitment and Professional Commitment. Journal of Employment Counseling, 53(1), 30–47.

Jones, P. S., Lee, J. W., Phillips, L. R., Zhang, X. E., & Jaceldo, K. B. (2001). An Adaptation of Brislin’s Translation Model for Cross-Cultural Research. Nursing Research, 50(5), 300–304.

Kamkari, K., Tojari, K., & Kamkari, K. (2013). Standardization of Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale. Advances in Environmental Biology, 3969–3981.

Kesici, S. (2015). Psychological Needs as Predictors of Human Values in High School Students. The Anthropologist, 19(2), 499–506.

Lenz, A. S., Gómez Soler, I., Dell’Aquilla, J., & Uribe, P. M. (2017). Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Assessments For Use in Counseling Research. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 50(4), 224–231.

Lightsey Jr, O. R., Maxwell, D. A., Nash, T. M., Rarey, E. B., & McKinney, V. A. (2011). Self-Control and Self- Efficacy for Affect Regulation as Moderators of The Negative Affect–Life Satisfaction Relationship. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 25(2), 142–154.

Maxwell, B. (1996). Translation and Cultural Adaptation of The Survey Instruments. Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Technical Report, 1, 159–169.

Mullen, P. R., Uwamahoro, O., Blount, A. W., & Lambie, G. W. (2015). Development of Counseling Students’ Self-Efficacy during Their Preparation Program. The Professional Counselor, 5, 175–184. doi:10.15241/ prm.5.1.175

Owen, S. V., & Froman, R. D. (1988). Development of A College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale.

Popović, V. B. (2011). Weiner IB & Greene RL: Handbook of Personality Assessment, John Wiley & Sons,Hoboken, New Jersey, 2008. Psihijatrija Danas, 43(1), 111–114.

Prieto, A. J. (1992). A Method for Translation of Instruments to Other Languages. Adult Education Quarterly, 43(1), 1–14.

Raqshin, S., & Nirjar, A. (2012). Accruing Individual Potential for Creativity and Innovation in Biotechnology Firms. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 11(2), 162–181.

Roberts, K. A. (2007). Self-Efficacy, self-Concept, and Social Competence as Resources Supporting Resilience and Psychological Well-Being in Young Adults Reared Within the Military Community. Dissertation Abstracts International, 68(2-B), 1319.

Roddenberry, A., & Renk, K. (2010). Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy: Potential Mediators of Stress, Illness, and Utilization of Health Services in College Students. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 41(4), 353–370.

Roush, C. M. (2016). The Effects of Clickers on High School Students’ Self-Efficacy and Integrative Motivation to Learn and Acquire A Second Language.

Schweizer, K., & DiStefano, C. (2016). Principles and Methods of Test Construction: Standards and Recent Advances (Vol. 3). Hogrefe Publishing.

Sharf, R. S. (2016). Applying Career Development Theory to Counseling. Nelson Education.

Shikalepoh, P. P. (2016). Learners’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Reading Comprehension in English Second Additional Language In A Namibian Rural School. (Doctoral Dissertation) North-West University (South Africa), Potchefstroom Campus.

Susanto, H. (2016). The Effect of Crossword Puzzle on The Students’ Vocabulary Mastery at Second Grade of Muhammadiyah Junior High School of Palangka Raya. (Doctoral Dissertation) IAIN Palangka Raya.

Van Dinther, M., Dochy, F., & Segers, M. (2011). Factors Affecting Students’ Self-Efficacy in Higher Education. Educational Research Review, 6(2), 95–108.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Ifdil Ifdil, Khairul Bariyyah, Ari Khusuma Dewi, Itsar Bolo Rangka

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling
ISSN 2503-3417 (online), ISSN 2548-4311 (print)

Find Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling on:


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

  View Visitor Stats