Analysis of the Effect of Guide Vane Opening Variations and Total Blades on Cross Flow Turbine Performance Using Computational Fluid Dynamic

Akbar Navis, Heru Suryanto, Putut Murdanto

Abstract


Indonesia is an agrarian country that continuously produces water, so it has the potential to develop a hydroelectric power plant. Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) application could be used to be an economical, quick, and efficient approach to improve the engineering design and turbine performance. This research aimed to find the effect of guide vane opening variations and total blades on cross-flow turbine performance using CFD simulation. This research used experimental modelling method with ANSYS program for turbine design with 22, 24, and 26 turbine blades and guide vane opening variations of 12°, 16°, 20°, 24°, and 36°. The data were collected by reviewing the simulation results after the numerical calculation process. The results showed that the cross-flow turbine performance was improving along with the increasing guide vane opening. The optimum turbine performance (power and efficiency) was obtained at 24° opening of guide vane and 26 total blades, producing 868.53 W power with 75.16% efficiency.


Keywords


CFD, cross-flow turbine, guide vane opening, performance, total blades

Full Text:

PDF

References


Zimny, J., Michalak, P., Bielik, S., and Szczotka, K., “Direction in Development of Hydropower in the World, in Europe and Poland in the Period 1995-2011”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 21, pp. 117-130, 2013.

Munandar, A.W., Penggerak Mula Turbin, ITB Bandung, Bandung, 1982, pp.10-14

Larasakti, A.A., Himran, S., and Arifin, A.S., “Pembuatan dan Pengujian Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikrohidro Turbin Banki Daya 200 Watt”, Jurnal Mekanikal, vol. 3(1), pp. 2-4, 2012.

Gohil, P., and Saini, R. P., “Numerical Study of Cavitation in Francis Turbine of a Small Hydro Power Plant”, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, vol. 9(1), pp.357-365, 2016.

Chiyembekezo, S.K., Cuthbert, Z.K., and Torbjorn, K.N., “Experimental Study on a Simplified Crossflow Turbine”, International Journal of Energy and Environment, vol. 5(2), pp. 2-12, 2014.

Sugiri, A., Burhanudin, H., and Trinando, E., “Studi Kelayakan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga MikroHidro (PLTMH) pada Sungai Arter Desa Hurun Kecamatan Padang Cermin Kabupaten Pesawaran Lampung”, Jurnal Mechanical, vol. 4(2), pp. 2-5, 2015.

Salman, A., Shoukat, A., Naif A., Tahir, M.H., Shahid, M., Razzaq, S., Sabri, M.A., Asghar, M.A., Saeed, M.W., Waqas, M., “Experimental Evaluation on Performance of Novel Cross-flow Impulse Turbine for Water Stream in Hilly Areas of Pakistan”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 9(4), pp.1782-1789, 2019.

Haurissa, J., Wahyudi, S., Irawan, Y.S., and Soenoko, R., “The Cross Flow Turbine Behavior towards the Turbine Rotation Quality, Efficiency, and Generated Power”, Journal of Applied Sciences Research, vol. 8(1), pp. 448-453, 2012.

Khosrowpanah, S., Fiuzat, A.A., Albertson, M.L., “Experimental Study of Cross Flow Turbine”, Journal Hydraulic Engineering, vol.114, pp. 299-314, 1988.

Chiyembekezo, S.K, Cuthbert, Z.K., and Torbjorn, K.N., “A Numerical Investigation of Flow Profile and Performance of a Low Cost Crossflow Turbine”, International Journal of Energy and Environment, vol. 5(3), pp. 23-25, 2014.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um016v4i22020p072

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats