Pengaruh Aktivitas Berbagi Pengetahuan dan Mediasi Budaya terhadap Kemampuan Inovasi Guru

Masduki Asbari, Dewiana Novitasari


Abstract: This study aims to measure the influence of tacit and explicit knowledge on teacher teacher innovation capability in Indonesia mediated by organizational culture. Data collection was carried out by simple random sampling via electronic to a population of teachers in Jabodetabek. The returned and valid questionnaire results were 231 samples. Data processing using SEM method with SmartPLS 3.0 software. The results of this study are tacit knowledge sharing has a positive and significant effect on teacher innovation capability, both directly and through mediating organizational culture. While explicit knowledge sharing only has a positive and significant effect on teacher innovation capability through organizational culture mediation. This novel research is proposing a model to build teacher innovation capability among teachers through tacit & explicit knowledge sharing with organizational culture as mediation. This research can pave the way to improve teacher readiness in facing the era of education 4.0.



Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur pengaruh tacit dan eksplisit knowledge terhadap kemampuan inovasi guru guru di Indonesia yang dimediasi oleh budaya organisasi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan secara simple random sampling melalui elektronik terhadap populasi guru di Jabodetabek. Hasil kuesioner yang kembali dan valid sebanyak 231 sampel. Pengolahan data menggunakan metode SEM dengan software SmartPLS 3.0. Hasil penelitian ini adalah tacit knowledge sharing berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kapabilitas inovasi guru, baik secara langsung maupun melalui mediasi budaya organisasi. Sedangkan berbagi pengetahuan eksplisit hanya berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kemampuan inovasi guru melalui mediasi budaya organisasi. Penelitian baru ini mengusulkan suatu model untuk membangun kapabilitas inovasi guru di antara para guru melalui tacit dan eksplisit knowledge sharing dengan budaya organisasi sebagai mediasi. Penelitian ini dapat membuka jalan untuk meningkatkan kesiapan guru dalam menghadapi era pendidikan 4.0.







Education 4.0; Explicit Knowledge; Teacher Innovation Capability; Knowledge Management; Organizational Culture; Tacit Knowledge; Pendidikan 4.0; Pengetahuan Eksplisit; Kemampuan Inovasi Guru; Manajemen Pengetahuan; Budaya Organisasi; Pengetahuan Tacit

Full Text:



Afsar, B., Masood, M., & Umrani, W. A. (2019). The role of job crafting and knowledge sharing on the effect of transformational leadership on innovative work behavior. Personnel Review. doi:10.1108/pr-04-2018-0133

Al-Kurdi, O., El-Haddadeh, R., & Eldabi, T. (2018). Knowledge sharing in higher education institutions: a systematic review. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 31(2), 226–246. doi:10.1108/jeim-09-2017-0129

Asbari, M., Purwanto, A., & Santoso, P. B. (2019). Influence of Leadership, Motivation, Competence, Commitment and Culture on ISO 9001:2015 Performance in Packaging Industry. Scholars Journal of Economics, Business and Management, 6(12), 577–582.

Asbari, M., Purwanto, A., Maesaroh, S., Hutagalung, D., Mustikasiwi, A., Ong, F., & Andriyani, Y. (2020). Impact of Hard Skills, Soft Skills and Organizational Culture : Lecturer Innovation Competencies As Mediating. EduPsyCouns: Journal of Education, Psychology and Counseling, 2(1), 142–155.

Bani-Melhem, S., Zeffane, R. and Albaity, M. (2018), "Determinants of employees’ innovative behavior", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 30 No. 3, pp. 1601-1620.

Culot, G., Orzes, G., & Sartor, M. (2019). Integration and scale in the context of Industry 4.0: the evolving shapes of manufacturing value chains. IEEE Engineering Management Review, 1–1. doi:10.1109/emr.2019.2900652

Ghozali, I. Structural Equation Modeling, Metode Alternatif dengan Partial Least Square (PLS), Edisi 4. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro. 2014.

Gunasekaran, A., Subramanian, N., & Ngai, E. (2018). Quality Management in the 21st Century Enterprises: Research pathway towards Industry 4.0. International Journal of Production Economics. doi:10.1016/j.ijpe.2018.09.005

Haamann, T., & Basten, D. (2018). The role of information technology in bridging the knowing-doing gap: an exploratory case study on knowledge application. Journal of Knowledge Management. doi:10.1108/jkm-01-2018-0030

Hair, J. F., Black. W. C., Babin. B. J.; and Anderson. R. E. (2010), Multivariate Data Analysis, 7th ed. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hamada, T. (2019). Determinants of Decision-Makers’ Attitudes toward Industry 4.0 Adaptation. Social Sciences, 8(5), 140. doi:10.3390/socsci8050140

Hartley, J. (2018), "Ten propositions about public leadership", International Journal of Public Leadership, Vol. 14 No. 4, pp. 202-217.

Hodgins, M. and Dadich, A. (2017), "Positive emotion in knowledge creation", Journal of Health Organization and Management, Vol. 31 No. 2, pp. 162-174.

Holste, J. S., & Fields, D. (2010). Trust and tacit knowledge sharing and use. Journal of Knowledge Management, 14(1), 128–140. doi:10.1108/13673271011015615

Hussain, S. T., Lei, S., Akram, T., Haider, M. J., Hussain, S. H., & Ali, M. (2018). Kurt Lewin’s change model: A critical review of the role of leadership and employee involvement in organizational change. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 3(3), 123–127. doi:10.1016/j.jik.2016.07.002

Hutagalung, D., Sopa, A., Asbari, M., Cahyono, Y., Maesaroh, S., & Chidir, G. (2020). Influence of Soft Skills, Hard Skills and Organization Learning on Teachers’ Performance through Innovation Capability as Mediator. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(19), 54–66.

Imran, M., Ilyas, M., Aslam, U. and Fatima, T. (2018), "Knowledge processes and firm performance: the mediating effect of employee creativity", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 31 No. 3, pp. 512-531.

Jiménez-Jiménez, D., & Sanz-Valle, R. (2011). Innovation, organizational culture, and performance. Journal of Business Research, 64(4), 408–417. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2010.09.010

Jou, M. Lin, Y. and Wu, D. (2016) Effect of a blended learning environment on student critical thinking and knowledge transformation, Interactive Learning Environments, 24:6, 1131-1147, DOI: 10.1080/10494820.2014.961485

Kim, N. and Shim, C. (2018). Social capital, knowledge sharing and innovation of small- and medium-sized enterprises in a tourism cluster. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 30 No. 6, pp. 2417-2437.

Klaeijsen, A., Vermeulen, M., & Martens, R. (2017). Teachers’ Innovative Behaviour: The Importance of Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction, Intrinsic Motivation, and Occupational Self-Efficacy. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 62(5), 769–782. doi:10.1080/00313831.2017.1306803

Lecat, A., Beausaert, S. & Raemdonck, I. (2018). On the Relation Between Teachers’ (In)formal Learning and Innovative Working Behavior: the Mediating Role of Employability. Vocations and Learning 11, 529–554. doi:10.1007/s12186-018-9199-x

Lee, Peter. (2019). Tacit Knowledge and University-Industry Technology Transfer. Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer (2019, Forthcoming); UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming. doi:

Li, M., Liu, H. and Zhou, J. (2018), "G-SECI model-based knowledge creation for CoPS innovation: the role of grey knowledge", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 22 No. 4, pp. 887-911.

Li, Song, Wang, & Li. (2019). Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Sharing, and Innovation Performance: Evidence from the Chinese Construction Industry. Sustainability, 11(9), 2713. doi:10.3390/su11092713

Liebowitz, J. and Chen, Y. 2001. Developing knowledge-sharing proficiencies. Knowledge Management Review 3(6): 12-15. 285908349_Developing_knowledge-sharing_proficiencies_Building_a_supportive_ culture_for_knowledge-sharing

Lin, C.-P. (2006). To Share or Not to Share: Modeling Tacit Knowledge Sharing, Its Mediators and Antecedents. Journal of Business Ethics, 70(4), 411–428. doi:10.1007/s10551-006-9119-0

Lin, H., Lee, Y. (2017). A Study of The Influence of Organizational culture on Employees’ Innovative Behavior and Work Engagement by A Cross-Level Examination. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 13(7), 3463-3478.

Lombardi, R. (2019). Knowledge transfer and organizational performance and business process: past, present and future researches. Business Process Management Journal, 25(1), 2–9. doi:10.1108/bpmj-02-2019-368

Ma, Q., Mayfield, M. and Mayfield, J. (2018), "Keep them on-board! How organizations can develop employee embeddedness to increase employee retention", Development and Learning in Organizations, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 5-9.

Martínez-Costa, M., Jiménez-Jiménez, D., & Dine Rabeh, H. A. (2018). The effect of organisational learning on interorganisational collaborations in innovation: an empirical study in SMEs. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 1–14. doi:10.1080/14778238.2018.1538601

Muñoz, C.A., Mosey, S. and Binks, M. (2015) The tacit mystery: reconciling different approaches to tacit knowledge. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 13:3, 289-298, DOI: 10.1057/kmrp.2013.50

Muscio, A., & Ciffolilli, A. (2019). What drives the capacity to integrate Industry 4.0 technologies? Evidence from European R&D projects. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 1–15. doi:10.1080/10438599.2019.1597413

Muthuveloo, R., Shanmugam, N., & Teoh, A. P. (2017). The impact of tacit knowledge management on organizational performance: Evidence from Malaysia. Asia Pacific Management Review, 22(4), 192–201. doi:10.1016/j.apmrv.2017.07.010

Nonaka I., Toyama R. (2015) The Knowledge-creating Theory Revisited: Knowledge Creation as a Synthesizing Process. In: Edwards J.S. (eds) The Essentials of Knowledge Management. OR Essentials Series. Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Nugroho, M. (2018), "The effects of collaborative cultures and knowledge sharing on organizational culture", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 31 No. 5, pp. 1138-1152.

Parida, V., Sjödin, D., & Reim, W. (2019). Reviewing Literature on Digitalization, Business Model Innovation, and Sustainable Industry: Past Achievements and Future Promises. Sustainability, 11(2), 391. doi:10.3390/su11020391

Polanyi, M. (1966). The Tacit dimension. New York: Doubleday & Co.

Qi, C. and Chau, P.Y.K. (2018) Will enterprise social networking systems promote knowledge management and organizational culture? An empirical study, Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 28:1, 31-57, DOI: 10.1080/10919392.2018.1407081

Rothberg, H. and Erickson, G. (2017), "Big data systems: knowledge transfer or intelligence insights?", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 21 No. 1, pp. 92-112.

Santoro, G., Vrontis, D., Thrassou, A., & Dezi, L. (2017). The Internet of Things: Building a knowledge management system for open innovation and knowledge management capacity. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2017.02.034

Sousa, M. J., & Rocha, Á. (2019). Strategic Knowledge Management in the Digital Age. Journal of Business Research, 94, 223–226. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.10.016

Stachová, K., Papula, J., Stacho, Z., & Kohnová, L. (2019). External Partnerships in Employee Education and Development as the Key to Facing Industry 4.0 Challenges. Sustainability, 11(2), 345. doi:10.3390/su11020345

Starbuck, W. (2017), "Organizational culture and unlearning", The Learning Organization, Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 30-38.

Tang, V., Yanine, F. and Valenzuela, L. (2016), "Data, information, knowledge and intelligence: The mega-nano hypothesis and its implications in innovation", International Journal of Innovation Science, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 199-216.

Terhorst, A., Lusher, D., Bolton, D., Elsum, I., & Wang, P. (2018). Tacit Knowledge Sharing in Open Innovation Projects. Project Management Journal, 49(4), 5–19. doi:10.1177/8756972818781628

Triwiyanto, T., Suyanto., & Prasojo, L. D. 2019. The Thoughts of Ki Hadjar Dewantara and Their Implications for School Management in the Industrial Era 4.0. International Journal of Innovation, 5(4), 12.

Urban, B. and Gaffurini, E. (2018), "Social enterprises and organizational culture in South Africa", Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 117-133.

Wang, C., Chen, M. and Chang, C. (2019), "The double-edged effect of knowledge search on innovation generations", European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.

Wang, J., & Liu, L. (2019). Study on the mechanism of customers’ participation in knowledge sharing. Expert Systems, e12367. doi:10.1111/exsy.12367

Wang, X., Arnett, D. and Hou, L. (2016), "Using external knowledge to improve organizational innovativeness: understanding the knowledge leveraging process", Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, Vol. 31 No. 2, pp. 164-173.

Wang, Z., & Wang, N. (2012). Knowledge sharing, innovation and firm performance. Expert Systems with Applications, 39(10), 8899–8908. doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2012.02.017

Widmann, A. and Mulder, R. (2018), "Team learning behaviours and innovative work behaviour in work teams", European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 21 No. 3, pp. 501-520.

Xu, M., David, J. M., & Kim, S. H. (2018). The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Opportunities and Challenges. International Journal of Financial Research, 9(2), 90. doi:10.5430/ijfr.v9n2p90

Yang, Z., Nguyen, V. and Le, P. (2018), Knowledge sharing serves as a mediator between collaborative culture and teacher innovation capability: an empirical research, Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, Vol. 33 No. 7, pp. 958-969.

Zhu, Q., Krikke, H. and Caniëls, M. (2018), Supply chain integration: value creation through managing inter-organizational culture. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 38 No. 1, pp. 211-229.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 JMSP (Jurnal Manajemen dan Supervisi Pendidikan)

Hasil gambar untuk logo zotero ukuran kecil

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats