Perceptions of physical activity in adolescents with low physical activity levels

Sisilia Anggelia Ugu, Rudangta Arianti


Insufficient engagement in physical activity is one of the most common and persistent contributors to poor health worldwide. This research was conducted to investigate physical activity perceptions in adolescents with low physical activity. This research predominantly qualitative methodologies to elaborate on perceptions of physical activity, individual preferences, and factors that hinder the experiences of adolescents with low physical activity levels. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF) was administered randomly to adolescents aged 18-21 to identify adolescents with low physical activity levels who had less than 1 hour per day or did not meet moderate to vigorous physical activity levels. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with adolescents with low physical activity levels based on IPAQ norm calculations. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. The main themes identified, namely misperceptions about physical activity, perceived ambiguity of social support, and perception of risk to understand the perception of physical activity in adolescents with low physical activity levels.


physical activity; adolescent; IPAQ-SF

Full Text:



Ajzen, I. (1985). From Intentions to Actions: A Theory of Planned Behavior. In Action Control: From Cognition to Behavior (hal. 12–39). I. Ajzen (Ed.).

Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. In Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior (hal. 179-220). J. K. M. Fishbein & I. Ajzen (Eds.). Prentice-Hall.

Allender, S., Cowburn, G., & Foster, C. (2006). Understanding participation in sport and physical activity among children and adults: A review of qualitative studies. In Health Education Research (Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 826–835).

Baso, M. C., Langi, F. L. F. G., Sekeon, S. A. S., Kesehatan, F., Universitas, M., & Ratulangi, S. (2018). Hubungan antara aktivitas fisik dengan kualitas tidur pada remaja di SMA Negeri 9 Manado. In Jurnal KESMAS, 7(5).

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101.

Charlton, R., Gravenor, M. B., Rees, A., Knox, G., Hill, R., Rahman, M. A., Jones, K., Christian, D., Baker, J. S., Stratton, G., & Brophy, S. (2014). Factors associated with low fitness in adolescents - A mixed methods study. BMC Public Health, 14(1).

Coleman, L., Cox, L., & Roker, D. (2008). Girls and young women’s participation in physical activity: Psychological and social influences. Health Education Research, 23(4), 633–647.

Craig, C. L., Marshall, A. L., Sjöström, M., Bauman, A. E., Booth, M. L., Ainsworth, B. E., Pratt, M., Ekelund, U., Yngve, A., Sallis, J. F., & Oja, P. (2003). International physical activity questionnaire: 12-Country reliability and validity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(8), 1381–1395.

Crooke, R., Haseler, C., Haseler, T., Collins, J., & Crockett, A. (2020). Physical activity and moving more for health education. In Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (Vol. 50, Issue 2, pp. 173–180). Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.

Duffey, K., Barbosa, A., Whiting, S., Mendes, R., Yordi Aguirre, I., Tcymbal, A., Abu-Omar, K., Gelius, P., & Breda, J. (2021). Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity Participation in Adolescent Girls: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews. Frontiers in Public Health, 9.

Geidl, W., Schlesinger, S., Mino, E., Miranda, L., & Pfeifer, K. (2020). Dose-response relationship between physical activity and mortality in adults with noncommunicable diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. In International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (Vol. 17, Issue 1). BioMed Central Ltd.

Godino, J. G., Watkinson, C., Corder, K., Sutton, S., Griffin, S. J., & Van Sluijs, E. M. F. (2014). Awareness of physical activity in healthy middle-aged adults: A cross-sectional study of associations with sociodemographic, biological, behavioural, and psychological factors. BMC Public Health, 14(1).

Guthold, R., Stevens, G. A., Riley, L. M., & Bull, F. C. (2020). Global trends in insufficient physical activity among adolescents: a pooled analysis of 298 population-based surveys with 1·6 million participants. The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health, 4(1), 23–35.

Hirvensalo, M., & Lintunen, T. (2011). Life-course perspective for physical activity and sports participation. In European Review of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 8, Issue 1, pp. 13–22).

Khan, S. R., Uddin, R., Mandic, S., & Khan, A. (2020). Parental and peer support are associated with physical activity in adolescents: Evidence from 74 countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(12), 1–11.

King, L. (2011). The Science of Psychology: An Appreciative View (Vol. 2).

Kostamo, K., Vesala, K. M., & Hankonen, N. (2019). What triggers changes in adolescents’ physical activity? Analysis of critical incidents during childhood and youth in student writings. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 45.

Kumar, B., Robinson, R., & Till, S. (2015). Physical activity behaviours and health risk.

Logan, G. R. M., Harris, N., Duncan, S., Plank, L. D., Merien, F., & Schofield, G. (2016). Low-Active Male Adolescents: A Dose-Response to High-Intensity Interval Training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(3), 481–490.

Martins, J., Rodrigues, A., Marques, A., Cale, L., & Carreiro da Costa, F. (2021). Adolescents’ Experiences and Perspectives on Physical Activity and Friend Influences Over Time. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 92(3), 399–410.

Neumark-Sztainer, D., Watts, A. W., & Rydell, S. (2018). Yoga and body image: How do young adults practicing yoga describe its impact on their body image? Body Image, 27, 156–168.

Pluta, B., Korcz, A., Krzysztoszek, J., Bronikowski, M., & Bronikowska, M. (2020). Associations between adolescents’ physical activity behavior and their perceptions of parental, peer and teacher support. Archives of Public Health, 78(1).

Segar, M., Taber, J. M., Patrick, H., Thai, C. L., & Oh, A. (2017). Rethinking physical activity communication: using focus groups to understand women’s goals, values, and beliefs to improve public health. BMC Public Health, 17(1).

Tamminen, K. A., & Bennett, E. V. (2017). No emotion is an island: an overview of theoretical perspectives and narrative research on emotions in sport and physical activity. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 9(2), 183–199.

van Sluijs, E. M. F., Ekelund, U., Crochemore-Silva, I., Guthold, R., Ha, A., Lubans, D., Oyeyemi, A. L., Ding, D., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2021). Physical activity behaviours in adolescence: current evidence and opportunities for intervention. In The Lancet (Vol. 398, Issue 10298, pp. 429–442). Elsevier B.V.

Whitehead, S., & Biddle, S. (2008). Adolescent girls’ perceptions of physical activity: A focus group study. European Physical Education Review, 14(2), 243–262.

World Health Organization. (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health.

World Health Organization. (2022). WHO Country Profile: Physical Activity in Indonesia 2022. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Sisilia Anggelia Ugu, Rudangta Arianti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Jurnal Sport Science, ISSN :2620-4681 (online), ISSN :1907-5111 (print)
Email :

Jurnal Sport Science is indexed by :





In Collaboration with:

Reference management tools :



Plagiarism Check :

View Jurnal Sport Science Stats