NIDZAMU TA'LIMI AL-KALAMI FI DHAU`I AL-MADKHALI AL-ITTISHALY WA AL-LA'BI AD-DAURY

Arif Widodo

Abstract


The researcher believes that a student at the Department of Arabic Language at Sunan University has degrees facing problems when he learns the skill of speech, including weak tendencies that lead to negative student activity and the presence of tedious educational materials in teaching speaking. This research aims to demonstrate the importance of communication materials in speech. Generally, the objectives of this research are to know the importance of activities by Role Playing of Arabic. In addition, specifically, it is to know 1) system of learning skills to speak, 2) Student motivation in process. This research was using descriptive qualitive as research method. The data collection methods was using participation observation, deep interviews, and also documentation. The  results of the research show that  1) The proposed education system contains good goals, comfortable methods and attractive evaluation of educational tools based on the Internet., 2) The communication article indicates the effectiveness of the lesson for the subject of speech and the promotion of students' tendencies to participate in the process of teaching and learning in a likable and interesting way, by creating persuasive educational materials until the result of their daily test reaches 85%, as well as the increase in student tendencies about 90% in participation. The novelty of this research is proving that the student’s performance improvement in his speaking in the Arabic language is mainly related to his continuous practice outside of the classroom and playing. This research has contributed to the problem solving of the lack of learning activeness that arises from oneself.

 

يرى الباحث أنّ طالبا بقسم تعليم اللغة العربية بجامعة سونان درجات يواجه مشكلات حين تعلّمه مهارة الكلام، منها ضعف الميول الذي يؤدي إلى سلبية نشاط الطّالب وكذلك وجود المواد التعليمية  المملة في تعليم التحدث. يهدف هذا البحث إلى بيان أهميّة المواد التواصلية في الكلام، و يهدف بتفصيل أكثر إلى معرفة 1)نظام تعليم الكلام، و2)حالة دافعيّة الطّلبة. المنهج الذي يستخدمه الباحث في هذا البحث هو المنهج الوصفيّ وطريقة جمع البيانات بالملاحظة بالمشاركة، المقابلة المتعمقة والوثيقة. لقد أظهرت نتائج البحث أنّ 1) نظام التعليم المقترح يحتوى على الأهداف الجيدة، الطرائق المريحة والتقويم الجذابةمن الأدوات التّعليميّة المعتمدة على الإنترنيت، 2)تشير المادة الاتصالية إلى فعاليّة الدّرس لمادة الكلام وترقية ميول الطّلبة في الاشتراك في عمليّة التّعليم والتّعلّم بأسلوب محبّب وشيّق وذلك عن طريق تهيئة المواد التعليمية المقنعة حتى تصل نتيجة اختبارهم اليومي إلى 85 % وكذلك ارتفاع ميول الطّلبة حوالى 90% في الاشتراك. وأمّا الإضافة الجادّة للبحث فهي إثبات أنّ تحسّن أداء الطّالب في حديثه باللّغة العربيّة مرتبطٌ أساسًا بممارسته لذلك بشكلٍ مستمرٍّ خارج الفصل، ولعب مع المواد الاتصالية مقترحان في إطار خياليّ وتنشيط عمليّة التّعلّم التي تؤدّي إلى تنمية قدرات الطّلاب على تعلّم مهارة الكلام.


Keywords


Motivation; Role Playing; Arabic Speaking Skills; Teaching

References


Abdullah, and Abdul Rahman Shalih. Al-Bahs al-Tarbawi Wa Kitabah al-Rasaail al-Jaami’iyyah. Oman: Maktabah al-Falah, 2006.

Albab, Ulil. “Nizamu Al-Taqwiim Fi Ta’liim al-Alughah al-Arabiyyah Li Maharah al-Qira’ah (Diraasah al-Haalah Fi al-Madrasah al-Tsanawiyah al-DIiniyah).” Jurnal Taqdir 1, no. 1 (2015): 68.

Alhallaq, Ali. Al Marja’ Fi Tadriis Mahaarat al Lughawiyyah al ’Arabiyyah. Tarablus: Al Muassasah al Haditsah LI al Kitab, 2010.

Alhuli, Muhammad Ali. AL Ikhtibaar al Lughawiyah. Urdun: Dar al Falah Li al Nash Wa al Tauzi’, 2000.

’Ali, Rasya Mahmud Badawy Abd al. “Barnamaj Muqtarah Fi al Ulum Qaaim Ala Nazariyah al Takaamul al Hissy Li Tanmiyati al Mahaaraat al Ijgtima’iyyah Wa al ’Aqliyah Ladai al Talaamiz al Mu’aaqin Aqliyan al Qaabilln Li al Ta’allum.” ASEP Journal 69, no. 2 (2016): 285.

Aliyah, Ghali al-. “Al-Wasaa’il al-Ta’liimiyah Wa Dauruha Fi Ta’liim al-Lughah al-Arabiyah Li al-Naathiqina Bi Ghairiha.” Majalatu Ulum Al-Lughah al-ARabiyah Wa Adabiha 11, no. 2 (2019): 166.

Al-Maqabelah, Sefaa Ali. “Malamih Al-Tawaasuliyah Fi al-Nahwi al-Araby.” International Journal of AJSRP 6, no. 1 (2020): 128.

Al-Qadi, H., and T.Trad. “The Effect of Using (Think-Pair-Share) Strategy That Depend on the Effective Learning in the Ahievement of Arabic Language Grammer and the Development of Oral Speaking in the Eight Basic Grade in Jordan.” Almanarh Journal for Reseach and Studies 22, no. 4 (2016): 9–40.

Amaliya, Diyan Rizqi. “Al Furuq Al-Fardiyyah Baina al-Mutaallimin.” Jurnal An-Nabighah 18, no. 2 (2016): 175.

Arifuddin, Nur. “Istikhdaamu Adawaat Al-Ta’liim al-Ilikteruniyyah Li Tathwiiri Ta’liim al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah Fi al-Mustawa al-Jami’i.” Jurnal AL-Tadris 4, no. 2 (2016): 2.

Arikunto, Suharsini. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2002.

AR.Syamsudin, and S. Vismaya. Metode Penelitian Bahasa. Bandung: Rosda Karya, 2007.

Ashaf, Shalih Ahmad al-’. AL-Madhal Ila al-Bahs Fi al-Ulum al-SUluukiyyah. 4th ed. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Abikan, 1427.

Azizi, Isa bin Faraj al-. “Fa’iliyatu Istikhdam al-Taqwiim al-Taqwim Fi Tahsiin Mustawa al-Tahsiil al-DIrasi Li Muqarrari Maharaat al-Tafkir Wa al-Bahs al-Ilm Laday Thullabi Kulliyati Idaarh al-’Amal Bi Jami’ati Syaqra’.” Majalah Kuliyah Al-Tarbiyah al-Islamiyah 41 (2018): 680.

Chaer, Abdul. Psikolinguistik: Kajian Teoritik. 1st ed. Jakarta: PT.Remaja Rosdakarya Offset, 2009.

Dahman, Dhahra’. “Ta’liim al-Lughah al-ARabiyah Li al-Nathiqina Bi Ghairiha.” Majalah Al-Lughah Wa al-Adab 30, no. 2 (2018): 6.

Dahman, Shahrah. “Al-Ta’lim al-Tafa’uly Wa Idarah al-Shaff al-Ta’limi Li al-Nathiqina Bi Ghair al-Arabiyah.” Majalah Al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah 43, no. 21 (2019): 261.

Darawasyah, Ibrahim Umar Yunus, and Nashir Ahmad al Khawaali. “Atsaru Istikhdaami Istiraatitiyyati al Sard al Qasasy Wa La’b al Adwar Fii Iktisaab al Qayyim al Akhlaaqiyyah Fii Mabhats al Tarbawiyyah al Islaamiyah Li al Shaff al Saadis al Ibtidaa’i” 26, no. 3 (2018): 1.

Dzuhaibah, Jagadam bin, Fagluul al-Sanusi, and Harbasy Barahim. “Fa’iliyatu Istiratijiyyah al-Taariis Bi al-La’b Fi Tanmiyati Ba’dhi al-Qudraat Al_badaniyah Wa al-Harakiyyah Laday Tala:Midz al-Marhalah al-Tsanawiyyah.” Majalah Al-Ibda’ al-Riyadhi 18 (2015): 121.

Effendy, Ahmad Fuad. Metodologi Pengajaran Bahasa Arab. Malang: Misykat, 2005.

Hamalik, Oemar. Perencanaan Pengajaran Berdasarkan Pendekatan Sistem. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2008.

Hamid, ’Aisyah Idris Abdu al. “Atsaru Istiraatijiyati La’b al Dauri Fii Iksaabi Tilmiizaat al Shaff al Khaamis al Ibtidaa’i al Mafaahim al Nahwiyyah Wa Istibqaaiha Ladaihinna” 20, no. 2 (2013): 1.

Idris, Ali. Madkhol Ila Manahij al Bahs al ’Ilm Li Kitabah al Rosaiail al Jami’iyyah. Al Qohiro: Al Dar al Arobiyyah Li al Kitab, 1985.

Inami, Moh., and Putri Zunita Shara. Jurnal AL Bayan 10, no. 2 (2018): 225.

Jaroh, Abdul Nashr al. “Atsar al Tadriis Bi Istikhdaam Barmajiyah Ta’liimiyah Fii Tahsiin Daafiiyah Ta’allum al Riyadhiyat Laday Tholabah al Shof al Tsani al Asasi Fii al Urdun” 10, no. 3 (2014): 274.

Khauri, Tauma Jurij. Ilmu al Nafs al Tarbawi. Beirut: AL Muassasah al Jami’iyah Li al Dirasah wa al Nash wa al Tauzi’, 1989.

Maghrawi, Umar al-. “Al-Rusum al-Mutaharrikah Wa ATsariha Fi Iktisaabi Wa Tanmiyati Maharah al-Kalam Li al-Nathiqiina Bi Ghairiha.” Al-Ta’lim Journal 12, no. 4 (2017): 43.

Makableh, and A. Battah. “The Effect of Role Play Strategy in the Development of Some Speaking Skills for Ninth Basic in Jordan.” Alqudes Journal of Educational and Psychological Reseach 37, no. 2 (2015): 329–61.

Mansi, G. “The Effect of a Learning Program Based on the Communication Oriented in the Developing the Speaking Skills for Ninth Grade in Zulfy District.” Alqudes Journal of Educational and Psychological Reseach 16, no. 4 (2016): 145–361.

Ma’shomah. “Istiraatijiyah Al-Ta’allum al Zatiyyah Li Thalabati Marhalah al-Jami’ah.” Al-Ta’rib: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Dan Kebangsaan 5, no. 1 (2017): 8.

Mauluj, Muhammad Amin. “Ta’liim al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah Li al-Nathiqina Ni-Ghairiha Fi Dhau’i al-Dars al-Lisani al-Hadis.” Jurnal Al-Ta’limiyah 11, no. 4 (2017): 42.

Mukmin, and Irmansyah. “Tathwiiri Madah Al-Fidiyu (Wasaa’il al-Syam’iyyah al-Bashariyyah) Fi Ta’liim al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah.” Jurnal Taqdir 3, no. 1 (2017): 8.

Muradi, Ahmad. “Waaqi’u Ta’liimi Maharah al-Kitabah Bi Induunisiyya Musykilatan Wa Hululan.” Jurnal Adabiyat 5, no. 1 (2018): 158.

Mustarihi, Husain al-. “Atsaru Istiratijiyah (Fikr-Zawaj-Syarik) Fi Tahsini Maharaat al-Tahaduts Fi al-Lughah al-Arabiyah.” Al-Majalah al-Urduniyah Fi al-Ulum al-Tarbawiyah 15, no. 2 (2019): 186.

Musthafa, Ahmad, and Nur Laili Rahmawati. “Al-Mawad al-Ta’liimiyah Ala Asaas al-Madhal al-Siyaaqy (Bahs Tathwiri Laday Thalabati Qism al-Iqtishadi al-Syar’i Bi Ja’miah al-Tanwir al-Islamiyah Bujunagara.” Jurnal AL-Arabi 1, no. 1 (2017): 4.

Musthafa, Muhammad Arif. “Tashniifi Asaalib Al-Tasybiih Fi Surah al-Baqarah Wa Aghraadhihi.” Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies 3, no. 2 (2015): 211.

Pribadi, Benny. A. Model Desain Sistem Pembelajaran. Jakarta: PT Dian Rakya, 2010.

Qibtiyah, Lutfatul. “Dafi’iyatu Ta’liim al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah Laday Talaamidz al-Madrasah al-Tsanawiyyah al-Hukumiyyah Sumeneb Wa al-Madrasah al-Tsanawiyyah Nur al-Islam.” AL-TA’LIM JOURNAL 26, no. 3 (2019): 89.

Raba, A. “The Influence of Think-Pair-Share on Improving Students’ Oral Communication Skills in EFL Classroom.” Creative Education 8, no. 1 (2017): 12–23.

Rusady, Achmad Tito. “Dawafi’ al-Tullab Fi Ta’allum al-Lughah al-ARabiyah Wa Daur al-Mu’allim Fi Tarqiyatuha.” Jurnal Izdihar 1, no. 1 (2018): 65.

Sa’adah, Jaudah Ahmad. Al Ta’allum al Nasyath Baina al Nazariyah Wa al Tathbiiq. 1st ed. Urdun: Dar AL Syuruq Li Al Nash wa al Tauzi’, 2006.

Setiadi, Fadlan Masykura. “Ta’limu Maharah al-Kalam Li Ghairi al-Nathiqina Bi al-Arabiyah.” Jurnal Ihya’ul Arabiyah 1, no. 2 (2015): 127–28.

Sholeh, Najwa Fauzi, and Marwah Nashr Hasan. “Atsar al ’Al’ab al Tarbawiyah ’Ala Tanmiyah Ba’dh Maharot al Lughoh al Arobiyah.” Al Majalah al Jami’iyah al Islamiyah Li al Dirosah al Tarbawiyah Wa al Nafsiyah 1 (2018): 339.

Shouman, Ahmad Ibrohim. “Atsar Istirootijiyah al ’Al’ab al Lughowiyah Fii Tanmiyah Maharoot al Takhoyyul al Ibda’iy Laday Athfaal al Roudhoh Fii Madinah Omman” 11, no. 2 (2016): 157.

Sufyan, Syukran. “Siyasah Idarat Al-’Arabiyah Fii Tahqiqi Farthi al-Tahsin Lada at-Thullabi Fii Ziyadati Injazati al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah Fii al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah Qismi al-Tarbiyyah Fii IAIN Lhokseumawe.” Jurnal Al-Mahara 4, no. 2 (2018): 297.

Sulami, Maimun Ahmad. “Taqwiim Muta’allimi al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah Li Ghairi al-Nathiqiina Biha Fi Dhai’i al-Kifaayah al-Mathluubah Minhum.” Jurnal AL-Makrifah 15, no. 2 (2018): 49.

Sunarti, Sri, Ahmadi, and Zaenal Ilmi. “Tatsir Al La’b Al Tarbawi Fii Ta’liim Al Lughoh AL Arobiyah Li Al Fashl AL Saabi’ Bi AL Madrosah AL Mutawasithoh Al Hukumiyah Al Namudzajiyah Baalankarayaa.” Al Ta’rib: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Dan Kebahasaaraban 5, no. 1 (2017): 3–5.

Suryadarma, Yoke, and Ana Rahmawati. Jurnal Al-Ittijah 10, no. 01 (2018): 31.

Suyuthi, Ahmad. Jurnal Al-Ta’rib 4, no. 2 (2016): 171.

Syahrir, Sobri Bin. “’Al ’Ab al Lughowiyah al Mahusabah Fii Ta’liim al Lughoh al Arabiyah Li Ghoir al Nathiqina Bi Ghoiriha Baina al Nazoriyah Wa al Tathbiiq.” Journal of Faculty of Dar Al Uloom, 2013, 12.

Thu’aimah, Rusydi Ahmad. Dalil ’Amal Fi I’daadi al Mawad al Ta’liimiyah Li Baramiji Ta’liim al Arabiyyah. Mamlakah Arabiyyah: Jami’ah Umm al Qura, 1985.

Thuaimah, Rusydi AHmad. Ta’liim al Arabiyyah Lighair al Nathiqiina Biha: Manaahijuhu Wa Asaalibuhus. Mesir: Mansyurah al Munadhamah al Islamiyyah Li al Tarbiyah Wa al Ulum Wa al Tsaqafah, 1989.

Turkistany, Maryam Hafidh Umar. “Atsaru al ’Al’ab al Ilikteruniyyah Ala Maharati Halli al Musykilaat Laday ’Ainatin Min al Athfaal Dhi’aaf al Sam’i Fi Marhalati Ma Qabla al Madrasah.” Dirasah Tarbawiyyah Wa AL Nafsiyah Journal 10, no. 2 (2016): 267.

Umar, and Bahruddin. “Tathbiiq al La’b al Lughowi Bithoqoh al Shodri Fii Ta’liim al Lughoh al Arobiyah Li Tarqiyah al Maharoh al Kitabah.” Arabiya: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 10, no. 1 (2018): 122.

Wahdah, Nurul. “Ta’tsiru Ikhtilaafi al Jinsi Fi Ikhtiyaari Istiraatijiyyah Ta’allu al Lughah al Arabiyyah Laday al Thalabah Li Ghairi Qismi Tarbiyah al Laghah al Arabiyyah Fi Jami’ati Balankaraya al Islamiyyah al Hukumiyyah.” Al Ta’rib: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Dan Kebahasaaraban 6, no. 2 (2018): 170.

Widodo, Arif. “Al Lu’bah al Lughawiyyah al Namudzajiyyah Fi Ta’lim al Kitabah.” Jurnal AL Bayan, 1, 11, no. 1 (2019): 113.

———. “Ta’liim al Lughah al Arabiyyah Fii Maharah al Kalam ’Ala Asaas al La’b al Dauri.” Ummu al Qara Journal IX, no. 01 (2017): 1.

Zuhriyah, Nunuk. “Tathwiir Al-Mawad al-Ta’liimiyah Li Tanmiyati Maharah al-Kalam Fi al-Shaf ‘B’ Bi Barnamaji Ta’liim al-Lughah al-Arabiyyah Fi Ma’had al-Jihad Surabaya.” Jurnal Al-Hikmah 6, no. 1 (2018): 99.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um056v4i1p91-115

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Arif Widodo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

AL-ARABI is indexed by:

    


Al-Arabi : Journal of Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language
Arabic Department, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang (UM), Jalan Semarang 5, Malang 65145.

ISSN : 2541-1500 (media online) - SK no. 0005.25411500/JI.3.1/SK.ISSN/2016.

Creative Commons License
Al-Arabi : Journal of Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal2.um.ac.id/index.php/alarabi/.