PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN MATAKULIAH DASAR-DASAR KIMIA ANALISIS MELALUI STRATEGI THINK PAIR SHARE (TPS) DENGAN PENGORGANISASIAN PEMBELAJARAN MENURUT TEORI ELABORASI

Endang Budiasih, Dedek Sukarianingsih

Abstract


Abstrak

 

Telah dilakukan penelitian yang berjudul Peningkatan Kualitas Pembelajaran Matakuliah Dasar-dasar Kimia Analisis. Penelitian ini mempunyai tujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan kualitas proses belajar mengajar ditinjau dari aspek kualitatif maupun kuantitatif. Penelitian ini dirancang sebagai penelitian tindakan kelas tiga siklus, dengan mengambil pokok bahasan Ruang Lingkup Kimia Analisis,  Analisis Kation, Analisis Anion, Pengolahan Data Analitik, dan Gravimetri. Subyek penelitian adalah mahasiswa S1 Pendidikan Kimia yang sedang mengambil perkuliahan Dasar-dasar Kimia Analisis pada semester gasal 2015 – 2016, dengan jumlah mahasiswa sebanyak 35 orang. Instrumen penelitian terdiri dari instrumen pembelajaran, yaitu bahan ajar yang diwajibkan dan suplemen bahan ajar (hand out). Instrumen pengukuran dibedakan menjadi dua macam, yaitu instrumen pengukuran kualitatif (lembar observasi), serta instrumen pengukuran kuantitatif (Lembar Kerja Mahasiswa dan tes tertulis). Data kuantitatif dikelompokkan berdasarkan rentangan skor tertentu, dan hasilnya disimpulkan berdasarkan patokan kemampuan yang berlaku di Universitas Negeri Malang. Berdasarkan analisis data, maka dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan pembelajaran melalui Strategi TPS dengan Pengorganisasian Pembelajaran menurut Teori Elaborasi pada matakuliah Dasar-dasar Kimia Analisis dapat meningkatkan kualitas proses belajar mengajar ditinjau dari aspek kualitatif maupun kuantitatif. Secara kualitatif peningkatan itu dapat diketahui dari kemampuan kooperatif mahasiswa dalam menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan. Indikator peningkatan tersebut dapat dilihat dari aspek-aspek saling ketergantungan yang positif, interaksi langsung antar mahasiswa, pertanggungjawaban individu, dan keterampilan berinteraksi antar individu dan kelompok Secara kuantitatif dapat diketahui dari penilaian aspek kognitif, yaitu hasil LKM dan hasil ujian pada pokok bahasan Ruang Lingkup Kimia Analisis,  Analisis Kation, Analisis Anion, Pengolahan Data Analitik, dan Gravimetri. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, dapat disimpulkan telah terjadi peningkatan kemampuan mahasiswa siklus demi siklus.

 

Kata kunci: Think, Pair, Share (TPS), Teori Elaborasi

 

Abstract

 

Has conducted a study entitled Improving the Quality Learning Course Fundamentals of Chemical Analysis. The purpose of this study was to determine the improvement of the quality of teaching and learning process in terms of qualitative and quantitative aspects. The study was designed as an action research three cycles, with the subject taking Scope Chemical Analysis, Analysis of cation, anion analysis, Analytical Data Processing, and Gravimetry. Subjects were students of S1 Chemical Education who were taking the course Fundamentals of Chemical Analysis in odd semester of 2015-2016, the number of students as many as 35 people. The research instrument consists of instruments of the learning and teaching materials that are required to supplement teaching materials (handouts). Measurement instruments can be divided into two kinds, namely the qualitative measurement instruments (observation sheet), as well as quantitative measurement instruments (Worksheet Students and written test). Quantitative data grouped by specific range of scores, and the result was concluded based benchmark capabilities in force in Universitas Negeri Malang (UM). Based on data analysis, it can be concluded from this study that the application of learning through TPS with Organizing Learning Strategies by Elaboration Theory on the course Fundamentals of Chemical Analysis can improve the quality of teaching and learning process in terms of qualitative and quantitative aspects. Qualitatively it can be seen from the increase in cooperative ability students in completing a given task. Indicators of the increase can be seen from the aspects of positive interdependence, direct interaction between students, individual responsibility, and the skills of interaction between individuals and groups Quantitatively it can be seen from the assessment of cognitive aspects, namely the results of the MFI and the test results on the subject of the Scope of Chemistry analysis, analysis of cation, anion analysis, Analytical Data Processing, and Gravimetry. Based on the analysis, we can conclude there has been increased ability of students cycle-by-cycle.

 

Keywords: think, pair, share (TPS), elaboration theory

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Jurnal Pembelajaran Kimia
diterbitkan oleh Jurusan Kimia FMIPA Universitas Negeri Malang