Analisis Kebutuhan Pengembangan Perangkat Lunak Pada Pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris untuk Mengatasi Masalah Pelafalan

Faathir Faathir, Sulthoni Sulthoni, Henry Praherdhiono


Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menelaah kebutuhan pebelajar Bahasa Inggris di Indonesia terhadap aspek pelafalan sebagai tolak ukur pengembangan perangkat lunak pembelajaran pelafalan Bahasa Inggris. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis deskriptif yang mengkaji dan mengamati penelitian-penelitian terdahulu mengenai permasalahan pelafalan yang dialami pebelajar dari berbagai daerah di Indonesia. Hasil kajian literatur menunjukkan masih banyak terdapat kesalahan-kesalahan pelafalan yang cenderung terjadi karena absensi dari bunyi Bahasa Inggris dalam Bahasa Ibunya. Hal tersebut juga menghasilkan beberapa pola kesalahan yang dialami para pebelajar. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa pebelajar EFL membutuhkan perangkat lunak pembantu untuk mengatasi permasalahan pelafalan Bahasa Inggris yang dapat mendeskripsikan kecenderungan kesalahan pelafalan serta aspek segmental tiap bunyi bahasa Inggris.

Abstract: This study aims to examine the needs of EFL learners in Indonesia towards Pronunciation as a focus point of the development of English pronunciation learning software. This research uses descriptive analysis which analyzes and observes previous studies regarding the pronunciation problems experienced by students from various regions in Indonesia. The literature review shows that there are still many pronunciation errors that are often associated with the absence of an English sound in their mother tongue. This has also emerged several patterns of errors experienced by students. The result deduces that EFL learners need the supporting software to cope with the pronunciation problems that can describe the potential pronunciation errors and segmental aspect of each English sound.




analisis kebutuhan; interferensi bahasa pertama; pelafalan; perangkat lunak pelafalan

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