Dr. T.S. Ramesh


Abstract: Individual Autonomy is a prominent feature of women writers. It plans to advance a dream of self-governing self as basically autonomous and independent, a dream that precludes the inevitable connectedness from securing selves and the way that their inundation in systems of connections frames their wants, yearnings, to be sure their extremely personalities. As such, what is denied is that the self is basically social. Toni Morrison, an Afro-American woman writer, works strenuously to get autonomous self to her female protagonist. In her novels, she clearly describes the life of African-American women in white dominated in American society. Combining the aims of African-American Freedom Movement and Woman’s Liberation, she produces literature which is indisputably black. In this research article, Toni Morrison’s famous novel Sula has been discussed through two chief characters, Nel and Sula. The novelist tries to overcome racial boundaries in order to gain animated self with striking balance. To be specific, the chief protagonists of Toni Morrison tend to find expression amidst their sullen, irritable, and dangerously regressive existence, to find dependence of their own, complaisant and reliant beings. 




Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Bahasa dan Seni: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya is licensed under
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
AnalyticsView My Stats
Based on the Official Letter from the Director General of Higher Education, Research, and Technology, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology No 158/E/KPT/2021, dated December 27, 2021, Bahasa dan Seni: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni dan Pengajarannya is granted RANK 2 JOURNAL SCIENTIFIC ACCREDITATION PERIOD I YEAR 2021. This rating status is valid for 5 (five) years up to Vol 53, No 1, 2025.

Dear Sir/Madam

We appreciate your continued confidence and trust in Bahasa dan Seni: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya (JBS). In order to enhance the service, readability, and quality of JBS publications, we will be transitioning to a new website,, in collaboration with Digital Commons (Elsevier) starting in July 2024.


Yusuf Hanafi
(Editor in chief)

Editorial Office:
Gedung D16 Lantai 2 Fakultas Sastra UM Jl. Semarang 5 Kota Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 65145

Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
JPtpp is licensed under