Developing a Peace Guidance Book to Alleviate Student Aggressiveness

Wahyu Nanda Eka Saputra, Wike Nurani, Mufied Fauziah


Abstract: This study aims to develop a peace guidebook as a medium for school counselors in reducing student aggressiveness. The research employed research and development design proposed by Borg and Gall model, which includes identifying aggressive needs and problems, drafting a hypothetical product, and expert and user assessment of the product. The data analysis technique used descriptive analysis to describe the level of aggressiveness. In addition, this study uses Cohens Kappa’s inter-rater reliability (IRR) coefficient to identify expert and user agreement on product feasibility. The results of the descriptive analysis show that aggressiveness needs more attention from school counselors, one of which is by implementing peace guidance. The developed guidebook received an assessment from two guidance and counseling experts who have a track record in developing guidance and counseling media. User ratings were obtained from two school counselors who already have educator certificates. Based on expert and user assessments, the peace guidance manual is categorized as suitable for use by school counselors to reduce student aggressiveness. The results of this study should be used as material and consideration for further research to empirically test the peace guidance guidebook’s effectiveness in reducing student aggressiveness.

Abstrak: Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengembangkan buku panduan bimbingan kedamaian sebagai media bagi konselor sekolah dalam mereduksi agresivitas siswa. Penelitian menggunakan tahapan penelitian dan pengembangan dengan mengadaptasi model Borg dan Gall yang mencakup tiga tahap, yaitu identifikasi kebutuhan dan permasalahan agresivitas, menyusun draf hipotetik produk, dan penilaian ahli serta pengguna terhadap produk. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif untuk mendeskripsikan tingkat agresivitas. Selain itu, penelitian ini menggunakan inter-rater reliability (IRR) koefisien Cohens’s Kappa untuk mengidentifikasi kesepakatan ahli dan pengguna terhadap kelayakan produk. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa agresivitas perlu mendapat perhatian lebih dari konselor sekolah, salah satunya dengan mengimplementasikan bimbingan kedamaian. Buku panduan yang dikembangkan mendapat penilaian dari dua ahli bimbingan dan konseling yang memiliki rekam jejak di pengembangan media bimbingan dan konseling. Penilaian dari pengguna diperoleh dari dua konselor sekolah yang telah memiliki sertifikat pendidik. Berdasarkan penilaian ahli dan pengguna, buku panduan bimbingan kedamaian dikategorikan layak digunakan oleh konselor sekolah untuk mereduksi agresivitas siswa. Hasil penelitian ini seyogianya dapat menjadi bahan dan pertimbangan bagi penelitian selanjutnya untuk melakukan uji keefektifan buku panduan bimbingan kedamaian dalam mereduksi agresivitas siswa secara empiris.


aggressiveness; peace; peace guidance; agresivitas; kedamaian; bimbingan kedamaian

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