Kajian Teori Dalam Penelitian

Ence Surahman, Adrie Satrio, Herminarto Sofyan

Abstract


Abstrak

Penelitian merupakan aktivitas ilmiah untuk menghasilkan temuan baru dalam berbagai bidang keilmuan. Penelitian merupakan tulang punggung perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi. Penelitian yang baik membutuhkan serangkaian proses yang standar mulai dari tahap analisis masalah, kajian pustaka, penentuan metode penelitian, analisis hasil dan penyimpulan. Salah satu tahapan yang penting diperhatikan dalam penelitian adalah penulisan kajian pustaka yang dibutuhkan. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan konsep kajian teori dalam penelitian serta prosedur teknis pengutipan dengan menggunakan beberapa gaya pengutipan. Metode penulisan menggunakan studi pustaka dan analisis komparatif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat beberapa gaya pengutipan seperti APA Style, IEEE Style, Harvard style, Chichago Style dan lain-lain. Penentuan gaya pengutipan didasarkan pada kebijakan tempat publikasi kaya ilmiah. Penulis harus mengenali gaya selingkung yang digunakan pada suatu penerbit.

Abstract

Research is a scientific activity to produce new findings in various scientific fields. Research is the backbone of the development of science and technology. Good research requires a series of standard processes starting from the stage of problem analysis, literature review, determination of research methods, analysis of results and conclusions. One of the important stages to be considered in research is the writing of the required literature review. This paper aims to explain the concept of theoretical studies in research and technical procedures for citation using several citation styles. The writing method uses literature study and comparative analysis. The analysis shows that there are several citing styles such as APA Style, IEEE Style, Harvard style, Chichago Style and others. Determination of citation style is based on the policy of a place of scientific rich publication. The author must recognize the style of environment used in a publisher


Keywords


Kajian teori; studi pustaka; penelitian; literature review; gaya penulisan; pengelola referensi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um038v3i12019p049

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