Parental Support on College Students’ Career Adaptability: The Role of Proactive Personality as Mediator

Natassha Safira Abigail Hartanto, Rose Mini Agoes Salim

Abstract


In dealing with the changes posed by the industrial era 4.0, college students need to have career adaptability. One of the factors that influence the development of career adaptability is parental support. However, some previous studies have shown inconsistencies in the influence of parental support on career adaptability. The inconsistency of the results indicates that there is the involvement of internal factors, namely proactive personality. This study aims to examine the role of proactive personality in mediating the effect of parental support on a student’s career adaptability. Participants involved in this research were undergraduate students (N equals 551) from various universities in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi, who are in their 6th semester or more. The three research variables were measured using The Career Adapt-Ability Scale (CAAS), The Career-Related Parent Support (CRPSS), and the Proactive Personality Scale (PPS). Data processing was performed statistically using Pearson Correlation and PROCESS macros from Hayes. The results showed that parental support can influence career adaptability through proactive personality. Based on the limitations of this study, further research is suggested to consider the role of personality in parents, the characteristics of participants, and other factors that are likely to affect career adaptability.


Keywords


Career adaptability; Parental support; Proactive personality; College student

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anaya, B., & Pérez-Edgar, K. (2019). Personality development in the context of individual traits and parenting dynamics. New Ideas In Psychology, 53, 37-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2018.03.002

Ataç, L., Dirik, D., & Tetik, H. (2017). Predicting career adaptability through self-esteem and social support: A research on young adults. International Journal For Educational And Vocational Guidance, 18(1), 45-61. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-017-9346-1

Baiti, R. D., Abdullah, S. M., & Rochwidowati, N. S. (2018). Career self-efficacy dan kesiapan kerja pada mahasiswa semester akhir. Jurnal Psikologi Integratif, 5(2), 128-141. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpsi.2017.%25x

Bateman, T. S., & Crant, J. M. (1993). The proactive component of organizational behavior: A measure and correlates. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14(2), 103-1. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.4030140202

Bleidorn, W., & Schwaba, T. (2017). Personality development in emerging adulthood. Dalam J. Specht (Eds.), Personality development across the lifespan (pp. 39-51). London, United Kingdom: Academic Press.

Caspi, A., & Roberts, B. W. (2001). Personality development across the life course: The argument for change and continuity. Psychological Inquiry, 12(2), 49-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1202_01

Crant, J. M., Hu, J., & Jiang, K. (2017). Proactive personality: A twenty-year review. Dalam S. Parker & U. Bindl (Eds), Proactivity at work: Making things happen in organizations (1st ed., pp.193-225). New York: Routledge

Ebenehi, A. S., Rashid, A. M., & Bakar, A. R. (2016). Predictors of career adaptability skill among higher education students in Nigeria. International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training (IJRVET), 3(3), 212-229. http://dx.doi.org/10.13152/IJRVET.3.3.3

Fawehinmi, O. O., & Yahya, K. K. (2018). Investigating the linkage between proactive personality and social support on career adaptability amidst undergraduate students. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 4(1), 81-92. https://doi.org/10.26710/jbsee.v4i1.370

Fingerman, K., Miller, L., Birditt, K., & Zarit, S. (2009). Giving to the good and the needy: Parental support of grown children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 71(5), 1220-1233. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00665.x

Fuller, B., & Marler, L. E. (2009). Change driven by nature: A meta-analytic review of the proactive personality literature. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75(3), 329–345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2009.05.008

Gravetter, F. J., & Forzano, L. A. (2012). Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (4th ed.) Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Guan, Y., Deng, H., Sun, J., Wang, Y., Cai, Z., Ye, L., ... & Li, Y. (2013). Career adaptability, job search self-efficacy and outcomes: A three-wave investigation among Chinese university graduates. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 83(3), 561-570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2013.09.003

Guan, Y., Wang, F., Liu, H., Ji, Y., Jia, X., & Fang, Z. et al. (2015). Career-specific parental behaviors, career exploration and career adaptability: A three-wave investigation among Chinese undergraduates. Journal Of Vocational Behavior, 86, 95-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2014.10.007

Guan, P., Capezio, A., Restubog, S., Read, S., Lajom, J., & Li, M. (2016). The role of traditionality in the relationships among parental support, career decision-making self-efficacy and career adaptability. Journal Of Vocational Behavior, 94, 114-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2016.02.018

Herzhoff, K., Kushner, S.C., & Tackett, J.L. (2017). Personality development in childhood. Dalam J. Specht (Eds.), Personality development across the lifespan (pp. 9-24). London, United Kingdom: Academic Press.

Hirschi, A., & Freund, P. A. (2014). Career engagement: Investigating intraindividual predictors of weekly fluctuations in proactive career behaviors. The Career Development Quarterly, 62(1), 5-20. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-0045.2014.00066.x

Hirschi, A. (2018). The fourth industrial revolution: Issues and implications for career research and practice. The Career Development Quarterly, 66(3), 192-204. https://doi.org/10.1002/cdq.12142

Hlad′ o, P., Kvasková, L., Ježek, S., Hirschi, A., & Macek, P. (2019). Career adaptability and social support of vocational students leaving upper secondary school. Journal of Career Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1069072719884299

Hou, C., Wu, L., & Liu, Z. (2014). Effect of proactive personality and decision-making self-efficacy on career adaptability among Chinese graduates. Social Behavior and Personality: an International Journal, 42(6), 903-912. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2014.42.6.903

Indianti, W. (2015). Dukungan Sosial dan Strategi Regulasi Diri dalam Belajar untuk Membangun Adaptabilitas Karir pada Mahasiswa Baru Universitas Indonesia. Disertasi. Depok: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia

Inguglia, C., Ingoglia, S., Liga, F., Coco, A. L., & Lim, H. J. (2016). Parenting dimensions and internalizing difficulties in Italian and US emerging adults: The intervening role of autonomy and relatedness. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(2), 419-431. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0228-1

Jiang, Z. (2017). Proactive personality and career adaptability: The role of thriving at work. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 98, 85-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2016.10.003

Johnston, C. S. (2016). A systematic review of the career adaptability literature and future outlook. Journal of Career Assessment, 26(1), 3–30. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1069072716679921

Kasih, F. (2019). Bimbingan dan konseling di perguruan tnggi dalam menjawab tantangan era revolusi industri 4.0. Konvensi Nasional Bimbingan dan Konseling XXI, 15-22. http://proceedings.upi.edu/index.php/konvensiabkinxxi/article/download/442/398

Koen, J., Klehe, U., & Van Vianen, A. (2012). Training career adaptability to facilitate a successful school-to-work transition. Journal Of Vocational Behavior, 81(3), 395-408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2012.10.003

Lin, S., Lu, W. C., Chen, M., & Chen, L. H. (2014). Association between proactive personality and academic self-efficacy: Research and reviews research and reviews. Current Psychology, 33(4), 600-609. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12144-014-9231-8

Liu, J., Li, D., Purwono, U., Chen, X., & French, D. C. (2015). Loneliness of Indonesian and Chinese adolescents as predicted by relationships with friends and parents. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 61(3), 362-382. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.13110/merrpalmquar1982.61.3.0362

Lowe, K., & Dotterer, A. M. (2018). Parental involvement during the college transition: A review and suggestion for its conceptual definition. Adolescent Research Review, 3(1), 29-42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40894-017-0058-z

Maulidiyah, A.(2017). Peran Parental Career-Related Behaviors Terhadap Adaptabilitas Karir pada Mahasiswa Tingkat Akhir. Skripsi. Universitas Indonesia: Program Studi Psikologi Fakultas Psikologi

Michaeli, Y., Dickson, D. J., & Shulman, S. (2018). Parental and nonparental career-related support among young adults: Antecedents and psychosocial correlates. Journal of Career Development, 45(2), 150-165. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0894845316671428

Movanita, A.N.K. (2019). Industri 4.0 dan Pekerjaan Masa Depan. Kompas.com. Diakses pada 15 Juni 2020, dari https://money.kompas.com/read/2019/06/15/130600426/industri-4.0-dan-pekerjaan-masa-depan?page=all

Murphy, K., Blustein, D., Bohlig, A., & Platt, M. (2010). The college-to-career transition: an exploration of emerging edulthood. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88(2), 174-181. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2010.tb00006.x

Preston, M., & Salim, R. (2019). Parenting style, proactive personality, and career decision self-efficacy among senior high school students. HUMANITAS: Indonesian Psychological Journal, 16(2), 116. DOI: 10.26555/humanitas.v16i2.12174

Pomerantz, E. M., & Thompson, R. A. (2008). Parents' role in children's personality development: The psychological resource principle. Dalam O.P. John, R.W. Robins, & L.W. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (3rd., pp 351-374). Spring Street, New York: The Guilford Press.

Putri, N. K., & Salim, R. M. A. (2020). Kepribadian proaktif sebagai mediator antara dukungan orangtua dan efikasi diri dalam pengambilan keputusan karier siswa Sekolah menengah pertama. Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling, 5(2), 42-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um001v5i22020p042

Rudolph, C. W., Lavigne, K. N., & Zacher, H. (2017). Career adaptability: A meta-analysis of relationships with measures of adaptivity, adapting responses, and adaptation results. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 98, 17-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2016.09.002

Sani, R. (2019). Are our students ready for the IR4.0 workplace?. Diakses pada 5 Februari 2020, dari https://www.nst.com.my/education/2019/10/526409/are-ourstudents-ready-ir40-workplace

Savickas, M. (1997). Career adaptability: An integrative construct for life-span, life-space theory. The Career Development Quarterly, 45(3), 247-259. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-0045.1997.tb00469.x

Savickas, M. L., & Porfeli, E. J. (2012). Career adapt-abilities scale: Construction, reliability, and measurement equivalence across 13 countries. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80, 661–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2012.01.011

Savickas, M. L. (2013). Career construction theory and practice. Dalam R.W. Lent & S.D. Brown (Eds.), Career development and counseling: Putting theory and research to work (2nd ed., pp. 147-183). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Schofield, T., Conger, R., Donnellan, M., Jochem, R., Widaman, K., & Conger, K. (2012). Parent personality and positive parenting as predictors of positive adolescent personality development over time. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 58(2), 255-283. https://doi.org/10.1353/mpq.2012.0008

Seibert, S. E., Kraimer, M. L., & Crant, J. M. (2001). What do proactive people do? A longitudinal model linking proactive personality and career success. Personnel psychology, 54(4), 845-874. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2001.tb00234.x

Specht, J. (2017). Personality development research: State-of-the-art and future directions. Dalam J. Specht (Eds.), Personality development across the lifespan (pp. 3-8). London, United Kingdom: Academic Press

Stringer, K. J., & Kerpelman, J. L. (2010). Career identity development in college students: Decision making, parental support, and work experience. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 10(3), 181-200. https://doi.org/10.1080/15283488.2010.496102

Sulistiani, W., & Handoyo, S. (2018). Career Adaptability: The influence of readiness and adaptation success in the education context: A literature review. Dalam 3rd ASEAN Conference on Psychology, Counselling, and Humanities (ACPCH 2017). Atlantis Press. https://dx.doi.org/10.2991/acpch-17.2018.32

Sulistiani, W., Retno Suminar, D., & Hendriani, W. (2019). The career adapt-abilities scale-Indonesian form: Psychometric properties and construct validity. Proceeding of the 4 th International Conference on Education, 4(2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.17501/24246700.2018.4201

Tanner, J. L., Arnett, J. J., & Leis, J. A. (2009). Emerging adulthood: Learning and development during the first stage of adulthood. Dalam M. C. Smith & N. DeFrates-Densch (Eds.), Handbook of research on adult learning and development (pp. 34–67). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Turner, S., Alliman-Brissett, A., Lapan, R., Udipi, S., & Ergun, D. (2003). The career-related parent support scale. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 36(2), 83-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481756.2003.12069084

Ulrich, A., Frey, A., & Ruppert, J. J. (2018). The role of parents in young people’s career choices in Germany. Psychology, 9(08), 2194-2206. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2018.98125

Wang, Z., & Fu, Y. (2015). Social support, social comparison, and career adaptability: A moderated mediation model. Social Behavior and Personality: an International Journal, 43(4), 649-659. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2015.43.4.649

Wendlandt, N., & Rochlen, A. (2008). Addressing the college-to-work transition. Journal Of Career Development, 35(2), 151-165. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845308325646

Wilkins-Yel, K. G., Roach, C. M., Tracey, T. J., & Yel, N. (2018). The effects of career adaptability on intended academic persistence: The mediating role of academic satisfaction. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 108, 67-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2018.06.006

Yahya, K. K., Tan, F. Y., Johari, J., & Fawehinmi, O. (2019). Career adaptability among undergraduate students: do self-esteem and proactive personalities play a role?. Dalam Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Future of ASEAN (ICoFA) 2017-Volume 1 (pp. 61-72). Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-8730-1_7

Yousefi, Z., Abedi, M., Baghban, I., Eatemadi, O., & Abedi, A. (2011). Personal and situational variables, and career concerns: Predicting career adaptability in young adults. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 14(1), 263-271. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_SJOP.2011.v14.n1.23

Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30-41. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5201_2




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um048v27i1p8-16

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan


Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan
ISSN: 0215-9643 | E-ISSN: 2442-8655
Contact
Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (LP2M) Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)
Graha Rektorat, Floor 6, Jl. Semarang No 5 Malang 65145
Homepage: http://journal2.um.ac.id/index.php/jip
E-mail: jip@um.ac.id

Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats