Usage of Social Stories in Encouraging Social Interaction of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Sunitha Balakrishnan, Aliza Alias

Abstract


Social story is a very popular intervention and used widely as a social learning tool for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of this research was to investigate the usage of social stories in encouraging social interaction of children with ASD. The subjects for this study were 4 learners with ASD between the ages of 5 to 8 who were attending school in an inclusive setting. A single case experiment with A-B-A-B design was used for all 4 subjects. Three of the subjects showed great improvement in their ability to make friends. Improvement was also seen in their communication based on visual obeservation to the targeted behavior chart whereas 1 subject only showed very little improvement. The findings of this study suggest that the usage of social stories in improving the social interaction of children with ASD has a positive impact.

Keywords


Social story; autism spectrum disorder (ASD); social interaction; building friendship; inclusive setting

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chamberlain, B., Kasari, C., & Rotheram-Fuller, E. (2007). Involvement or isolation? The social networks of children with autism in regular classrooms. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 230-242.

Cook, K. A., & Willmerdinger, A. N., (2015). “The History of Autism”. Narrative Documents. Book 1. Retrieved from http://scholarexchange.furman.edu/schopler-about/1

Cotugno, A. J. (2009). Social competence and social skills training and intervention for children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 39(9), 1268-1277.

Crozier, S., & Tincani, M. (2007). Effects of social stories on prosocial behavior of preschool children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 37(9), 1803-1814.

Eckelberry, E. (2007). Using social stories with children with autism, learning disabilities and ADHD. Retrieved from http://www.coe.ohiou.edu/resources /documents/Eckelberry-F07.pdf.

Gray, C. A., & Garand, J. D. (1993). Social stories: Improving responses of students with autism with accurate social information. Focus on Autistic Behavior, 8(1), 1-10.

Gray, W. D. (2000), The Nature and Processing of Errors in Interactive Behaviour. Cognitive Science, 24(2): 205-248.

Hall, L. J. (2009). Autism spectrum disorders: From theory to practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Heward, W. L. (2013). Exceptional children: An introduction to special education (10th ed.). New York: Pearson.

Hutchins, T. L., & Prelock, P. A. (2013). The social validity of Social Stories™ for supporting the behavioural and communicative functioning of children with autism spectrum disorder. International journal of speech-language pathology, 15(4), 383-395.

Kırcaali-Iftar, G. (2007). Otizm spektrum bozukluğu. İstanbul: Daktylos.

Kratochwill, T. R., Hitchcock, J., Horner, R. H., Levin, J. R., Odom, S. L., Rindskopf, D. M., & Shadish, W. R. (2010). Single-case designs technical documentation. Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/pdf/wwc_scd.pdf.

Lynch, S. A. & Simpson, C. G. (2010). Social skills: laying the foundation for success. Dimensions of Early Childhood, 38(2), 3-12.

More, C. M. (2010). Effects of social story interventions on preschool age children with and without disabilities, University of Nevada Las Vegas.

Novita, N., & Siswati, S. (2010). Pengaruh social stories terhadap keterampilan sosial anak dengan attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd) studi eksperimental desain kasus tunggal di sekolah alam ar-ridho semarang. Jurnal Psikologi Undip, 8(2), 102-116.

Nurfarhana, S. R,. & Normaliza, A. R. (2015). Penerapan elemen penceritaan dalam teknik pembelajaran kanak-kanak sindrom asperger , Jabatan Bahasa Melayu, Fakulti Bahasa Moden Dan Komunikasi, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor.

Reichow, B., & Volkmar, F. R. (2010). Social skills interventions for individuals with autism: evaluation for evidence-based practices within a best evidence synthesis framework. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(2), 149-166.

Reynhout, G., & Carter, M. (2006). Social Stories for children with disabilities. Journal of Autism and Development Disorder, 36(4), 445-469.

Sani Bozkurt, S., & Vuran, S. (2014). An analysis of the use of social stories in teaching social skills to children with autism spectrum disorders. Educational sciences: Theory and Practice, 14(5), 1875-1892.

Sansosti, F. J., Powell-Smith, K. A., & Kincaid, D. (2004). A research synthesis of social story interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 19(4), 194-204.

Schultz, R. T. (2005). Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: the role of the amygdala and fusiform face area. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 23(2), 125-141.

Tanriady, S., Hartanti, & Aniva (2013). Pengaruh Social Stories Terhadap Keterampilan Komunikasi Pragmatis Anak dengan Gangguan Asperger (Doctoral dissertation, Fakultas Psikologi UBAYA).

Thiemann, K. S., & Goldstein, H. (2010). Social stories, written text cues, and video feedback: Effects on social communication of children with autism. Journal of applied behavior analysis, 34(4), 425-446.

Thompson, T. (2007). Making sense of autism. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.

Ventimiglia, A. (2007). The Effects of Social Stories on the Social Interaction and Behavior of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders. St. John Fisher College.

Weiss, M. J., & Harris, S. L. (2001). Teaching social skills to people with autism. Behavior Modification, 25(5), 785-802.

White, M. L., Smith, J. D., Smith, T. E. C., & Stodden, R. (2012). Autism spectrum disorders: Historical, legislative, and current perspectives. Educating students with autism spectrum disorders, 3-12.

Wright, L. A., & McCathren, R. B. (2012). Utilizing social stories to increase prosocial behavior and reduce problem behavior in young children with autism. Child Development Research, 2012.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of ICSAR

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of ICSAR is Indexing by:

     

 
web
counter  ---> View Statistic

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.