The Influence the Picture Exchange Communication System Method toward The Communication Ability of Autistic Child

Citra Rizky Ratna Putri, Wiwik Dwi Hastuti, Eka Pramono Adi

Abstract


Children with autism have some very complex developmental disorders including communication, social interaction, emotions, and interest in certain behaviors. They need certain tools and methods for developing communication and language skills, especially in speaking skills. One of the methods is the Picture Exchange Communication System method. This research was conducted by using the Single Subject Research method with A-B-A design. Data collection was conducted in 20 sessions. The results of this study indicated that the effect of PECS method towards communication ability of children with autism. This was evidenced by an overlap percentage of 0%. The conclusion showed that PECS method has an effect towards the communication ability of autistic children

Keywords


picture exchange communication system; communication skill; autistic children

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrachman, M., & Sudjadi. (1994). Ministry of Education And Culture Directorate General of Higher Education Academic Workforce Education Project. Jakarta: Education Extraordinary.

Akbar, S. (2013). Instrumen Perangkat Pembelajaran. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Bondy, A., & Frost, L. (2011). A picture’s worth: PECS and other visual communication strategies in autism. Woodbine House.

Efendi, .M. (2008). Pengantar Psikopedagogik Anak Berkelainan. Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara

Heryati, E., & Ratnengsih, E. (2017). Penggunaan Metode Pecs (Picture Exchange Communication System) Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Komunikasi Anak Autis. PEDAGOGIA, 15(1), 539-547.

Kurniawan, R., Mahtarami, A., & Lestari, T. P. (2016). Aplikasi Multimedia Pembelajaran Metode PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System) untuk Membantu Perkembangan Komunikasi dan Interaksi Anak Autis. Jurnal Cybermatika, 3(2).

Maisaro. (2015). Pengaruh Penggunaan Metode PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)Terhadap Kemampuan Komunikasi Anak Autis Di Pusat Layanan Autis Malang. Skripsi, Universitas Negeri Malang.

Mangunsong, F. (1998). Psikologi dan Pendidikan Anak Luar Biasa. Jakarta: Lembaga Pengembangan Sarana Pengukuran dan Pendidikan Psikologi (LPSP3) UI

Putranto, B. (2015). Tips Menangani Siswa yang Membutuhkan Perhatian Khusus: Ragam Sifat dan Karakter Siswa “Spesial” dan Cara Menanganinya. Yogyakarta: DIVA Press.

Septiari, N. N. S., Suarni, D. N. K., & Jampel, I. N. (2015). Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Terstruktur Dengan Media Pecs Untuk Meningkatkan Komunikasi Pada Anak Autis Di Slb C1 Negeri Denpasar Tahun Ajaran 2014/2015. Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi pendidikan Indonesia, 5(1).

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabet.

Sunanto, J., Takeuchi, K., & Nakata, H. (2006). Penelitian dengan subjek tunggal. Bandung: UPI Pres.

Wiwahani, P. W. (2015). Efektivitas Metode PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System) Fase I-IV Terhadap Kemampuan Komunikasi Ekspresif Pada Anak Autis Kelas 1 SDLB di Sekolah Luar Biasa Negeri 1 Bantul. Skripsi, Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Wiwit. W. (2014). Pemanfaatan Media Pembelajaran Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berbahasa Anak Kelompok A TK Islam Terpadu Mutiara Hati Sawojajar Malang. Skripsi tidak diterbitkan. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of ICSAR

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of ICSAR is Indexing by:

       

 
web
counter  ---> View Statistic

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.